Martha Holmes (83) former Life magazine photographer known for her signature pictures of famous people including painter Jackson Pollock and film stars Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall. In 1949, Holmes photographed Pollock at work with a cigarette dangling from his mouth. The image became a US postage stamp, with the cigarette air-brushed out. Holmes died in New York City on September 19, 2006.
Seymour Rosen (71) champion of environmental folk art created from what many people would consider junk. Rosen photographed a ranch covered with hubcaps, a rock-shop yard with hand-carved dolls, or a golf course punctuated with signs of hand-painted poetry. He died of liver failure in Hollywood, California on September 20, 2006.
Dr. Harris Busch (83) biochemist and cancer researcher at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston who helped to unravel and describe aspects of the chemical structure of cancer cells. Busch was interested in how genes work within healthy and cancerous cells. He died of pneumonia in Houston, Texas on September 22, 2006.
P. Ole Fanger (72) Danish researcher considered the world's leading expert on the effect of indoor air quality on humans. Fanger and his team were the first to document that poor indoor air quality in homes increases children's risks for developing asthma and allergies and that mediocre indoor air quality in offices decreases productivity. He died from the rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm in Syracuse, New York on September 18, 2006.
Alan Fletcher (74) Briton who helped to revive postwar British design and typography through his vibrant corporate identity work and book designs. Fletcher was a cofounder of Pentagram, London's first major international design consultancy. He died of cancer in East Sussex, England on September 21, 2006.
Henri Jayer (84) French master of supremely concentrated, immaculately balanced pinot noir, viewed by many connoisseurs as the finest Burgundy winemaker of his generation. Jayer died of prostate cancer in the eastern city of Dijon, France on September 20, 2006.
Beth Levine (91) innovative American shoe designer whose boots, as Nancy Sinatra sang while wearing them, were made for walking. Levine designed shoes for 30 years under the label Herbert Levine, named for her husband, and was known as America's First Lady of Shoe Design because her shoes were worn by first ladies Lady Bird Johnson, Patricia Nixon, and Jacqueline Kennedy. Levine died of lung cancer in New York City on September 20, 2006.
Vico Magistretti (85) architect and industrial designer celebrated as the dean of Italian modernism for his sculptural furniture and lamps of the '60s and afterward. Magistretti was the winner of many international design awards. He died in Milan, Italy, his birthplace, on September 19, 2006.
Dr. Mortimer Ostow (88) psychiatrist and neuroscientist who studied the psychological sources of anti-Semitism and other expressions of religious and racial fanaticism. In the '80s, Ostow led a group of psychologists and psychoanalysts in a study that investigated the root causes of anti-Semitism. He died of cancer in Riverdale, New York on September 23, 2006.
Bill Schultz (80) entrepreneur who led a leveraged buyout of struggling CBS-owned Fender Musical Instruments Corporation in 1985 and turned it into a music-industry leader. Schultz moved the company to Scottsdale, Arizona in 1991 and oversaw its expansion from a firm with a small office and one manufacturing facility to a company with three manufacturing plants in two countries and 2,500 employees. He died in Phoenix, Arizona after a 17-year battle with cancer, on September 21, 2006.
Vladimir Syromyatnikov (73) Soviet and Russian space scientist best known for designing docking mechanisms for manned spacecraft. It was Syromyatnikov's system that, in the '70s, linked the Soviet Soyuz and the American Apollo space capsules. Syromyatnikov died of leukemia in Moscow, Russia on September 19, 2006.
John Young (85) oldest and longest-serving chairman in the British brewing industry, having been at the helm of Young's of Wandsworth, south London, for more than 40 years. Young was the fifth generation of his family in the business. He died in West Sussex, England on September 17, 2006.
Norma Lorre Goodrich (89) historical author who spent years unearthing the real story of King Arthur. Goodrich's research revealed that, contrary to popular opinion, King Arthur was not a myth but an actual person, born to a royal family in Scotland, not England. Goodrich wrote books on Arthur, Merlin, and Guinevere, among others. She died in Claremont, California on September 19, 2006.
Dorothy Stratton (107) Purdue University's first full-time dean of women (1933-42) who later led the US Coast Guard's Women's Reserve effort that freed up men to serve in World War II. Stratton died in West Lafayette, Indiana on September 17, 2006.
Edward Albert (55) actor-son of the late screen veteran Eddie Albert (d. 2005) who first gained fame costarring with Goldie Hawn in the ’70s film Butterflies Are Free (1972) and later became an outspoken environmental activist. Edward Albert died of lung cancer in Malibu, California on September 22, 2006.
Elizabeth Allen (77) two-time Tony-nominated stage actress who in the ’60s also played opposite John Wayne in the film Donovan’s Reef. Allen had scores of other film and TV credits. She was nominated for Tonys for her roles in two Broadway musicals: The Gay Life (1962) and the Richard Rodgers-Stephen Sondheim show Do I Hear a Waltz? (1965). She died of kidney failure in Fishkill, New York on September 19, 2006.
Pham Xuan An (79) Vietnamese who led a remarkable and perilous double life as a Communist spy and a respected reporter for Western news organizations during the Vietnam War. An straddled two worlds for most of the 15-year war in Indochina as an undercover Communist agent while also working as a journalist, first for Reuters news service and later for 10 years as Time magazine’s chief Vietnamese reporter—a role that gave him access to military bases and background briefings. An suffered from emphysema and died in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam on September 20, 2006.
Sir Malcolm Arnold (84) first British composer to win an Oscar, for the film score from Bridge on the River Kwai (1958). Arnold composed more than 130 film scores, including that from The Inn of the Sixth Happiness, for which he won one of Britain’s prestigious Ivor Novello awards in 1958. He died of a chest infection in Norfolk County, England on September 23, 2006.
Etta Baker (93) influential blues guitarist who recorded with Taj Mahal and was honored by the National Endowment for the Arts. Baker became a hit on the international folk-festival circuit, playing Piedmont blues, a mix of the clattery rhythms of bluegrass and blues. She died of heart disease in Fairfax, Virginia on September 23, 2006.
Raymond ("Boz") Burrell (60) original bass player for the hard rock group Bad Company. The stripped-down four-piece band became known for its simple, blues-based rock 'n' roll and had 6 million-selling records and a string of hit singles. Burrell left the band in 1990 but returned in '98 for a reunion tour. He died of a heart attack in Spain on September 21, 2006.
Eddie Driscoll (81) TV personality who entertained Maine viewers with a madcap assortment of characters for more than 30 years. Driscoll was a broadcasting pioneer who began his TV career in 1954 at WTWO-TV in Bangor, Maine, later to become WLBZ-TV, the same day the station went on the air. He died of Alzheimer's disease in Portland, Maine on September 23, 2006.
Danny Flores (77) musician who played the saxophone and shouted the word "tequila!" in the '50s hit song "Tequila!" The song went to No. 1 on the Billboard chart and won a Grammy in 1959 for best rhythm-and-blues performance. Flores died of pneumonia in Huntington Beach, California on September 19, 2006.
Armin Jordan (74) Swiss conductor who led opera houses throughout Europe and North America in performances of Mozart and Wagner. Jordan collapsed on September 15 while conducting Prokofiev's The Love for Three Oranges in the Swiss city of Basel. He was taken to a hospital and was discharged over the weekend but died five days later in Geneva, Switzerland on September 20, 2006.
Sven Nykvist (83) Oscar-winning Swedish filmmaker, legendary director Ingmar Bergman's cinematographer of choice. Nykvist's sense of lighting and camera work made him a favorite of Bergman's after their first collaboration on the movie Sawdust & Tinsel (1954), which began a partnership that lasted nearly 30 years. Nykvist died of aphasia, a form of dementia, in Stockholm, Sweden on September 20, 2006.
Mary Orr (95) actress and writer whose first short story, about a scheming ingenue named Eve Harrington, became the Oscar-winning film All About Eve (1950), starring Bette Davis, with Anne Baxter in the title role. The story was later adapted into a hit Broadway musical, Applause (1970), starring Lauren Bacall and Penny Fuller. Orr died of pneumonia in New York City on September 22, 2006.
Aladar Pege (67) world-renowned Hungarian bassist who moved with ease from jazz to classics and lifted his bulky instrument to star status. Pege's jazz ensemble, which he formed in 1963, gained quick international recognition, and his '82 appearance at New York City's Carnegie Hall with Herbie Hancock was widely acclaimed. He died in his native Budapest, Hungary on September 23, 2006.
Don Walser (72) country music singer whose wide appeal made him a popular opening act for performers ranging from Johnny Cash to the rock band Ministry. Walser debuted at the Grand Ol’ Opry in 1999 but was most interested in exposing country music to new audiences. He died in Austin, Texas on September 20, 2006.
Enrique Gorriaran Merlo (65) former Argentine rebel who claimed he led the squad that killed exiled Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza. Gorriaran's hit-and-run attacks on military units marked years of instability in Argentina. He died while being rushed to emergency in Buenos Aires, Argentina on September 22, 2006.
Edward King (81) conservative Democrat who defeated Michael Dukakis for the Democrat nomination for Massachusetts governor on a pro-business, tax-cutting platform in 1978, then lost a rematch in '82. King died after a fall, in Boston, Massachusetts on September 18, 2006.
John A. Nejedly (91) former California state senator known for his firm support of the environment. Nejedly was elected to represent the 7th Senatorial District in March 1969 and served until '80. Major legislation written by Nejedly includes the Pesticide Control Act, including the elimination of DDT, and reform of the state's criminal justice sentencing procedures. He died of a stroke in Walnut Creek, California on September 19, 2006.
Norman Vroman (69) unconventional district attorney of Mendocino County, California who defended the rights of gun owners and medical marijuana advocates and was elected despite having gone to prison for failing to pay income tax. Vroman suffered a heart attack at his home in Hopland, 100 miles north of San Francisco, and died in a Santa Rosa, California hospital three days later, on September 21, 2006.
Joe Glazer (88) singer-songwriter known as Labor's Troubador, who played cowboy tunes on a $5.95 mail-order guitar as a boy in the Bronx, New York, then sang songs of solidarity on picket lines and union halls and once on the White House lawn. Glazer died of non-Hodgkins lymphoma in Chevy Chase, Maryland on September 19, 2006.
Clarence Hill (48) convicted killer who argued that Florida’s use of lethal injection amounted to cruel and unusual punishment. Hill was convicted of first-degree murder for the 1982 killing of a Pensacola police officer who responded to a silent alarm at a bank he was robbing. Hill was executed in Starke, Florida on September 20, 2006.
Gilbert Jonas (76) longtime fund-raiser for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Long active in progressive political causes, Jonas, who was white, was the NAACP's chief fund-raiser (1965-95). In that period, he helped to raise $110 million for the organization. He died in New York City of myelodysplastic syndrome, a bone marrow disorder, on September 21, 2006.
Patricia Kennedy Lawford (82) sister of former US President John F. Kennedy and ex-wife (1954-65) of British actor Peter Lawford (d. 1984). Kennedy Lawford was also the mother of actor Christopher Lawford. She died of pneumonia in New York City on September 17, 2006.
Lloyd McElhiney (84) longtime volunteer at the building in Tampico, Illinois where former President Ronald Reagan was born. With his wife, McElhiney maintained the two-story museum for more than 10 years and gave daily tours until 2005. He died of cancer in Tampico on September 19, 2006.
Evelyn Ortner (82) Brooklynite who with her husband, Everett, was among the first, the most vocal, and the most effective champions of the brownstone revival that spread from Brooklyn to the rest of the country. Victorian homes had fallen into disfavor and many middle-class New Yorkers were moving to the suburbs by 1963, when the Ortners bought a four-story 1886 brownstone on Berkeley Place in Park Slope, Brooklyn. Evelyn Ortner began a campaign to save thousands of other brownstones from neglect or the wrecking ball. She died two weeks after undergoing a mastectomy, in Brooklyn, New York on September 19, 2006.
Mingma Norbu Sherpa (50) managing director of the World Wildlife Fund in the eastern Himalayas. Sherpa moved to the US in 1998 and worked out of the fund's office in Washington, DC but continued to spend most of his time in the Himalayan region that he supervised. He managed several national parks there and established education programs for residents of the Himalayas. He was killed in a helicopter crash in Nepal on September 23, 2006.
Joyce Wooton (75) mother of internationally published fashion and glamour photographer Rick Wooton. Joyce Wooton was instrumental in changing the law that prevented patients from suing a health management organization when she successfully sued her HMO for refusing to pay for doctor-recommended tests that might have predicted her massive stroke. A Federal apeals court agreed that HMOs are and can be liable for malpractice or injury in cases like hers. Wooton endured radiation treatments for throat cancer for four years but died of pneumonia in Fergus Falls, Minnesota on September 18, 2006.
Jack Banta (81) former baseball pitcher who played on the Brooklyn Dodgers team with Jackie Robinson and made three relief appearances in the 1949 World Series. Banta pitched briefly for the Dodgers in 1947-48. He had heart problems and recently broke his hip. He died in Hutchinson, Kansas on September 17, 2006.
Clyde Jeffrey (88) runner who had a brief but brilliant track career in Riverside, California and at Stanford University (1938-40). At the Amateur Athletic Union national championships in 1939, Jeffrey tied Jesse Owens' world record in winning the 100-meter with a wind-aided time of 10.2 seconds. A hamstring injury and World War II cancellation of the 1940 and '44 Olympics ended his running career. He died of cancer in Riverside, California on September 18, 2006.
Vic Sears (88) member of the Philadelphia Eagles championship teams of 1948-49. A tackle out of Oregon State, Sears played 13 seasons and 131 games with the Eagles. He was part of the "Steagles" in 1943, a team formed when Philadelphia merged with the Pittsburgh Steelers owing to a manpower shortage during World War II. He died in Winston-Salem, North Carolina on September 21, 2006.
Syd Thrift (77) former general manager of the Pittsburgh Pirates who spent nearly a half century in baseball. Thrift's long baseball career began in 1949 when he joined the New York Yankees' minor league organization. He underwent knee replacement surgery in Milford, Delaware and died that night, on September 18, 2006.
Frank ("Muddy") Waters (83) College Football Hall of Fame coach who had a successful run at Hillsdale (Mich.) College (1954-73) and finished his long career at Michigan State University (1980-82). Waters' 1955 team went 9-0 and won national recognition for refusing to play in the Tangerine Bowl when bowl officials said the team's black players couldn't dress for the game in Orlando, Florida. He died of congestive heart failure in Saginaw, Michigan on September 20, 2006.