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Life In Legacy - Week ending Saturday, March 6, 2021

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George F. Bass, 'father of underwater archaeology'Marianne Carus, founder of 'Cricket,' children's magazineIrv Cross, first full-time black sports analyst on national TVPatrick Dupond, French ballet dancerTom Green, Utah polygamistWalter Gretzky, right, father of hockey star Wayne GretzkyTony Hendra, humoristHugh Newell Jacobsen, Modernist architectVernon Jordan, lawyer and civil rights championPaul Laubin, oboe craftsmanAllan McDonald, engineer who tried to stop 'Challenger' launch in 1986Bhaskar Menon, savior of Capitol RecordsBernadette Bartels Murphy, TV stock analystDavid Newhouse, Pulitzer-winning newspaper editorLou Ottens, inventor of cassette tape and compact discNicola Pagett, British TV actressMark Pavelich, member of the 1980 'Miracle on Ice' Olympic hockey teamMike Pearl, CBS sports producerRalph Peterson, jazz drummerCarmel Quinn, Irish singer and storytellerToko Shinoda, Japanese artistMichael Stanley, rock band leader and radio deejayMarie Tippit, widow of Officer J. D. TippitBunny Wailer, last founding member of reggae group, the WailersCarla Wallenda, last surviving child of Karl Wallenda, founder of Flying Wallendas high-wire act

Art and Literature

Hugh Newell Jacobsen (91) Modernist architect who brought sophisticated designs to homes, most notably one belonging to Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis on Martha’s Vineyard, and to museums, universities, and public buildings like the US Capitol. If Jacobsen's houses did not shout, they attracted attention for their modern look mixed with nods to the past and an appreciation for the regions where they were built. His residences had signature touches like 45-degree pitched roofs, clean lines, minimal ornamentation, masterful use of lighting and windows, and décor that included his own furniture and fabric designs—a body of work that earned him many honors, including induction into Architectural Digest’s AD100 Hall of Fame in 2017. Jacobsen died in Front Royal, Virginia on March 4, 2021.

Toko Shinoda (107) one of the foremost Japanese artists of the 20th century whose work combined calligraphy with Abstract Expressionism. A painter and printmaker, Shinoda attained interational renown at mid-20th century and remained sought after by major museums and galleries worldwide for more than 50 years. Her work has been exhibited at, among other places, the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Art Institute of Chicago, the British Museum, and the National Museum of Modern Art in Tokyo. Private collectors include the Japanese imperial family. Shinoda died in Tokyo, Japan on March 1, 2021.


Business and Science

George F. Bass (88) was often called the father of underwater archaeology, scouring shipwrecks for artifacts and developing new techniques for exploring the ocean. Bass was a graduate student in 1960 when he first donned a scuba tank and dived to the seabed of the Mediterranean. He found bronze ingots more than 3,000 years old, wooden fragments that solved mysteries of shipbuilding from the time of the Odyssey, and treasures that opened up a new field for archaeology. Excavation of shipwrecks could provide not only the ultimate histories of watercraft, he later wrote, but also the ultimate histories of virtually everything ever made by humans. Bass led or codirected archaeological efforts around the world, including the US, but he focused on the coast of Turkey—for thousands of years a maritime trade route for a succession of civilizations, from the ancient Canaanites to the early Byzantine Empire. He died in Bryan, Texas on March 2, 2021.

Paul Laubin (88) oboe maker, one of the few remaining woodwind artisans to build their instruments by hand. Laubin made so few a year that customers might have to wait 10 years to play one. In the world of oboes, there are Laubin’s oboes and then there is everything else. He was in his early 20s when he began making oboes with his father, Alfred, who founded A. Laubin Inc. and built his first oboe in 1931. Paul took over the business when his father died in 1976. His son, Alex, began working alongside him in 2003. Oboists in major orchestras, including the New York Philharmonic, the Boston Symphony Orchestra, and the St. Louis Symphony have played Laubin’s instruments, cherishing their dark, rich tone. Paul Laubin died at his workshop in Peekskill, New York, where he collapsed at some point during the day on March 1, 2021. The police found his body there that night.

Allan McDonald (83) engineer who on a chilly January morning in 1986 tried to stop the launch of the Challenger space shuttle, citing the possible effect of the cold on its booster rockets, and after it broke apart on liftoff, blew the whistle when government officials tried to cover up his dissent. McDonald was a 26-year veteran at Morton Thiokol, the contractor responsible for the shuttle’s booster rockets, when he arrived at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida a few days before January 28, when the Challenger was to take off. The mission was to be the first to carry a civilian into space, a teacher named Christa McAuliffe. President Ronald Reagan was planning to mark that milestone in his State of the Union address, coincidentally scheduled for the same day as the launch. But McDonald, who ran the company’s booster-rocket program, had strong reservations about moving ahead with the launch. The shuttle’s rockets contained a series of rubber O-ring gaskets, and he worried that low temperatures could cause them to stiffen, allowing fuel to escape and potentially causing the rocket to explode. McDonald died in Ogden, Utah from complications of a recent fall, on March 6, 2021.

Bhaskar Menon (86) in 1970 Capitol Records’ business was struggling. The Beatles, the company’s top act, were defunct. Hits were scarce among its remaining roster. That year the company lost $8 million. It needed a savior, and it found one in Menon, an Indian-born, Oxford-educated executive at EMI, the British conglomerate that was Capitol’s majority owner. Menon became the label’s new chief in 1971 and quickly turned its finances around, driving a gargantuan hit in '73 with Pink Floyd’s album The Dark Side of the Moon. Menon later ran EMI’s vast worldwide music operations. He was also the first Asian man to run a major Western record label. He died in Beverly Hills, California on March 4, 2021.

Bernadette Bartels Murphy (86) rare woman on Wall Street in the ‘50s whose work as a trader helped to legitimize a once-derided approach to anticipating market trends, making her a respected voice in the financial world and giving her a platform on TV. Murphy began her career at the investment bank Ladenburg Thalmann & Co. as a secretary—one of the few roles then available to women in the financial industry. But over time she became a trader and analyst who found a national audience as a regular panelist on Louis Rukeyser’s long-running Wall Street Week, a public TV side gig of hers for 25 years. Toiling as a secretary, Murphy found that it was the work of the traders on her desk that interested her more. She began studying the movements of stocks and the overall market as a way to anticipate future trends, an approach known as technical analysis. At the time that method of anticipating market movements was looked down on by traditionalists, who favored an approach called fundamental analysis: forecasting a shift in a stock price by gleaning the intrinsic value of a company and its shares. Murphy died in Nyack, New York on March 3, 2021.

Lou Ottens (94) Dutch inventor who pioneered the compact disc and invented the cassette tape—the medium of choice for millions of homemade mix tapes. A structural engineer who trained at the prestigious Technical Univerisity in Delft, Ottens joined Philips in 1952 and was head of the company’s product development department when he began work on an alternative for existing tape recorders with their cumbersome large spools of tape. His goal was simple: making tapes and their players far more portable and easier to use. The final product created in 1962 later turned into a worldwide hit, with more than 100 billion cassettes sold, many to music fans who would record their own compilations direct from the radio. Its popularity waned with the arrival of the compact disc, an invention Ottens also helped to create as supervisor of a development team, Philips said. The cassette tape’s success stemmed from its simplicity, Ottens said in an interview published by the Philips Museum. Ottens died at a care facility in the Netherlands on March 6, 2021.


Education

Marianne Carus (92) German-born, Sorbonne-educated founder of Cricket, the monthly magazine often called “The New Yorker for kids.” Carus began Cricket in 1973 after years of dismay over what she considered the sorry state of children’s reading material, including the books that her own three children brought home from school. Cricket came bound like a paperback book, with hand-drawn covers labeled with the volume and issue number. Inside, not a single ad interrupted the flow of fiction, biographies, and science stories. The magazine blended serious literature with childhood frivolity: A story by John Updike could be followed by a comic strip, or a poem by Nikki Giovanni could come after knock-knock jokes. The magazine was an overnight success, with more than 250,000 subscribers after the first year. Marianne Carus died in Peru, lllinois on March 3, 2021.


Law

Vernon Jordan (85) rose from humble beginnings in the segregated South to become a champion of civil rights before reinventing himself as a Washington insider and corporate influencer. Jordan was an unofficial aide to former President Bill Clinton, drawing him into controversy during the Monica Lewinsky scandal. After serving as field secretary for the Georgia NAACP and executive director of the United Negro College Fund, Jordan headed the National Urban League, becoming the face of black America’s modern struggle for jobs and justice for more than 10 years. He was nearly killed by a racist’s bullet in 1980 before transitioning to business and politics. His death comes months after the deaths of two other civil rights icons: US Rep. John Lewis and C. T. Vivian. Jordan was the first lawyer to head the Urban League, which had traditionally been led by social workers. Under his leadership, the Urban League added 17 more chapters and its budget swelled to more than $100 million. He died in Washington, DC on March 1, 2021.

Marie Tippit (92) widow of J. D. Tippit, the Dallas police officer killed by Lee Harvey Oswald about 45 minutes after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Officer Tippit was on patrol in a neighborhood just southwest of downtown when he spotted a man walking down the street that met the description of the shooting suspect. Moments later, Tippit got out of his patrol car and Oswald opened fire, killing him. Oswald, who was arrested a short time later at the Texas Theatre, was killed two days later by nightclub owner Jack Ruby during a police transfer. Marie Tippit suffered from congestive heart failure but died in the east Texas city of Sulphur Springs after being diagnosed with pneumonia following a positive test for Covid-19, on March 2, 2021.


News and Entertainment

Patrick Dupond (61) star dancer and former director of the Paris Opera Ballet who won worldwide renown in the ‘80s and ’90s for his virtuosity, technique, and flamboyant personality. His death was major news in France, where Dupond was a household name, synonymous with dance for many years. He shot into the limelight at 17, when he became the first French dancer to win the gold medal at the Varna International Ballet Competition in Bulgaria. He was a low-ranking member of the Paris Opera corps de ballet at the time, but he left Varna as a star in the making. Back home, he began to acquire soloist roles. Along with dancing “all the princes” in the great 19th-century ballets Swan Lake, The Sleeping Beauty, Giselle—he worked with a broad range of choreographers, including Alvin Ailey, Kenneth MacMillan, John Neumeier, Alwin Nikolais, Roland Petit, and Twyla Tharp. He became an international star, performing with American Ballet Theater and Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater and touring with his own group, known as Dupond & His Stars. Dupond died in Soissons, France on March 5, 2021.

Tony Hendra (79) humorist whose résumé included top editing jobs at National Lampoon and Spy magazines and a role in the mockumentary This Is Spinal Tap. Hendra, who was British but had long lived in the US, began writing and performing comedy while a student at Cambridge University, traveling in the same circles as future members of the Monty Python troupe. In 1964 he and his performing partner, Nick Ullett, took their stage act to the US, and from there Hendra fashioned a career doing stand-up comedy, writing and editing for various publications, acting, and publishing books. One of those, Father Joe: The Man Who Saved My Soul (2004), was his account of his long relationship with a Benedictine monk named Joseph Warrilow, who, he wrote, had helped to ground him through personal setbacks and instances of moral turpitude and led him back to an appreciation of the Catholic faith of his childhood. Hendra died of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease, first diagnosed in 2019, in Yonkers, New York on March 4, 2021.

David Newhouse (65) editor who guided the Patriot-News in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania to a Pulitzer Prize for breaking the story that led to the conviction of Penn State assistant football coach Jerry Sandusky for sexually abusing young boys and to the firing of Joe Paterno, the school’s revered head football coach. Newhouse, a member of the powerful publishing family whose best-known media holding is its Condé Nast magazine division, led a modest central Pennsylvania outpost in the Newhouse empire. But his small city daily gained national attention in March 2011 when a staff writer, Sara Ganim, reported that Sandusky was being investigated by a grand jury for allegations that he had indecently assaulted a teenage boy. The scandal mushroomed that November, when Sandusky was indicted on charges of sexually abusing eight boys over a 15-year period. That first article and nine others were cited by the Pulitzer board in 2012 for revealing and covering the explosive Penn State sex scandal. Newhouse died of leukemia in Hanover, New Hampshire on March 3, 2021.

Nicola Pagett (75) actress who played the rebellious and thoroughly spoiled Elizabeth Bellamy on the beloved British TV series Upstairs, Downstairs and the title role in an acclaimed BBC version of Anna Karenina. Pagett was 26 when she was cast in the original Upstairs, Downstairs (1971–76), the prestigious, multiaward-winning British drama set in a Belgravia townhouse during the first 30 years of the 20th century. The Bellamys, Richard and Lady Marjorie, live there with their two grown children and about half a dozen servants, as the world of London aristocracy changes around them. In the first season, Elizabeth comes home from school in Germany, a changed girl-woman of 17. She reads Goethe, talks politics incessantly, refuses an arranged marriage with a rich Scotsman, walks out on her debutante ball, rejects her parents’ conservatism, and entertains ill-mannered socialist poets in the morning room. Then she marries a charming poet (played by Ian Ogilvy) who shares her progressive social attitudes but not her physical desires. Pagett left the show after Season 2, she said, to spare the writers from running out of ideas for her character. She died of a brain tumor in London, England on March 3, 2021.

Ralph Peterson (58) swinging drummer who began his career as Art Blakey’s last protégé and finished it as a mentor to a new generation of jazz talent. Peterson came to the fore in the ‘80s as a member of the so-called Young Lions, a coterie of improvisers devoted to the core ideals of bebop: swing rhythm, acoustic instrumentation, and rigorous improvisational exchange within the constraints of a standard song form. He was probably the most prominent drummer among the Young Lions to consistently front his own groups, and over more than 30 years as a bandleader he released about two dozen albums with an array of ensembles. One successful vehicle was the Fo’tet, an unorthodox group consisting of clarinet, vibraphone, bass. and drums. It seemed to prove the flexibility of the straight-ahead jazz format. Peterson died of cancer, which he had been fighting for six years, in North Dartmouth, Massachusetts on March 1, 2021.

Carmel Quinn (95) blue-eyed, flame-haired Irish singer and storyteller who packed Carnegie Hall on St. Patrick’s Day for 25 years and regaled her audiences with tunes and tales from the Old Country. Quinn, who was born and raised in Dublin, Ireland, came to the US in 1954 and won an audition on Arthur Godfrey’s Talent Scouts the next year. Those auditions were famous for their rigor: Others who passed them included Pat Boone, Tony Bennett, and Connie Francis. Those who flunked included Elvis Presley and Buddy Holly. Quinn became a regular on another Godfrey TV show, Arthur Godfrey & His Friends, for six years while rotating through other popular variety shows of the ‘50s–'70s, including The Pat Boone Chevy Showroom, The Ed Sullivan Show, The Mike Douglas Show, and many more. Much later, she showed up on Live with Regis & Kathie Lee. Quinn died of pneumonia in Leonia, New Jersey on March 6, 2021.

Michael Stanley (72) Cleveland-based rocker who with his namesake band reached the Top 40 in the ‘80s with the hits “He Can’t Love You” and “My Town” before starting a long career as a radio disk jockey. The Cleveland legend released his first album while still in college and formed the Michael Stanley Band in 1974. After a brief period of national popularity in the early ‘80s, sales fell off and the band broke up in 1987. Also a songwriter, Stanley continued to record and tour and remained beloved in his hometown as a radio and TV personality, performer, and recording artist. He died in Cleveland, Ohio after a seven-month battle with lung cancer, on March 4, 2021.

Bunny Wailer (73) reggae star, last surviving founding member of the group The Wailers. Wailer, a baritone singer whose real name was Neville Livingston, formed The Wailers in 1963 with late superstars Bob Marley and Peter Tosh when they lived in a slum in the capital of Kingston, Jamaica. They catapulted to international fame with the album Catch a Fire and helped to popularize Rastafarian culture among better-off Jamaicans starting in the ‘70s. Livingston was the third and last original Wailer. Marley died in 1981 of a brain tumor at 36, and Tosh was fatally shot in Jamaica in ‘87 at 42. Livingston died in his native Jamaica of complications from a stroke in July, on March 2, 2021.

Carla Wallenda (85) member of the Flying Wallendas high-wire act and last surviving child of the famed troupe’s founder. Carla was the daughter of Karl Wallenda (died 1978), who founded the troupe in Germany before moving to the US in 1928 to great acclaim. She was the aunt of aerialist Nik Wallenda. Carla was born in 1936 and appeared as a toddler in a ‘39 newsreel as she learned how to walk the wire, with her father and mother, Mati, looking on. But she said her first time on the wire was much earlier: When she was six weeks old, her mother carried her across the wire while sitting on her father's shoulders as he rode a bicycle. Carla spent her younger years traveling the country as her father’s troupe performed in the Ringling Bros. circus. She had a brother, Mario, and a sister, Jenny—all performed in the act. At age 11, Carla began appearing in the family’s show in 1947, but not on the high wire at first. In 1951 her father told her she could join the high-wire act when she could do a headstand on top of the family’s seven-person pyramid. Carla Wallenda died of natural causes in Sarasota, Florida on March 6, 2021.


Society and Religion

Tom Green (72) Utah polygamist who spent six years in prison after being convicted of child rape in a case that garnered widespread attention. Before his trial, Green appeared with five wives on several national TV shows, including Jerry Springer and Dateline NBC to argue that his lifestyle was a constitutional right. But the appearances proved to be his undoing. He caught the attention of a prosecutor in Utah who charged him with bigamy in a rare use of a state law. In 2001 Green was convicted of bigamy and criminal nonsupport involving the thousands of dollars in state payments made to support his children. The next year he was convicted of child rape for having sex with his first wife when she was 13 and he was in his 30s. Green contended he was persecuted for his religious beliefs and singled out because he embarrassed the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Early members of the Utah-based faith widely known as the Mormon church practiced polygamy in the 1800s at the instruction of founder Joseph Smith, but the church disavowed it in 1890 and today condemns the practice. Green died ion February 28, 2021.


Sports

Irv Cross (81) former NFL defensive back, the first black man to work full-time as a sports analyst on national TV. From Hammond, Indiana, Cross starred in football and track and field at Northwestern. He was drafted in the seventh round by the Philadelphia Eagles in 1961, was traded to the Los Angeles Rams in ’66, and returned to the Eagles in ‘69 as a player coach for his final season. The two-time Pro Bowl cornerback had 22 interceptions, 14 fumble recoveries, eight forced fumbles, and a pair of defensive touchdowns. He also averaged 27.9 yards on kickoff returns and returned punts. Cross joined CBS in 1971, becoming the first black network sports show anchor. He left the network in 1994 and later was athletic director at Idaho State and Macalester College in Minnesota. In 2009 he received the Pro Football Hall of Fame’s Pete Rozelle Radio-Television Award. He died in Roseville, Minnesota on February 28, 2021.

Walter Gretzky (82) father of hockey great Wayne Gretzky. Walter became a name himself, a constant in Wayne’s world. As Wayne’s star ascended, Walter remained a blue-collar symbol of a devoted hockey parent in a country filled with them. The two were also often intertwined, their father-son story used in commercials from Tim Hortons to Coca-Cola. And following in the footsteps of Alexander Graham Bell, they made Brantford, Ontario, Canada famous. But Walter was celebrated for far more than just fathering a superstar. His down-to-earth, no-airs approach to life and devotion to his family struck a chord with Canadians. He died in Brantford, Canada on March 4, 2021.

Mark Pavelich (63) member of the “Miracle on Ice” Olympic hockey team. Pavelich was undergoing treatment for assaulting his neighbor in Cook County, Minnesota in August 2019. Pavelich thought the man had spiked his beer. He was charged with felony assault, but Judge Michael Cuzzo found he was incompetent to stand trial because he was mentally ill and dangerous. A psychologist found Pavelich was suffering from delusions and paranoia. Another psychologist found he suffered from a mild neurocognitive disorder owing to traumatic brain injury, likely related to repeated head injuries. He assisted Mike Eruzione on the winning goal for the US against the heavily favored Soviet Union in the 1980 Olympics. That US team won the gold medal. Pavelich spent five seasons with the NHL’s New York Rangers and played briefly for the Minnesota North Stars and the San Jose Sharks. He died at the Eagle’s Healing Nest in Sauk Centre, Minnsota, a treatment center for mental illness, on March 4, 2021.

Mike Pearl (77) leading sports producer who shaped CBS’s The NFL Today into a must-see pregame show in the ‘70s and gave opinionated former player Charles Barkley a forum on TNT’s NBA studio show in the early 2000s. Pearl won 16 Sports Emmy Awards, including two for The NFL Today. He started at that show as a line producer in 1975, the first year of a successful overhaul that brought in a new cast consisting of Brent Musburger; Phyllis George, a former Miss America, who died in May 2020; and former defensive back Irv Cross, who died last month. A year later, Pearl became the show’s producer and hired betting maven Jimmy (The Greek) Snyder as a commentator. Snyder would predict which teams would win, but he did not give point spreads because the NFL did not want to be linked to gambling. Before joining CBS, Pearl had been a writer for Snyder. Pearl died of heart disease in Sunny Isles Beach, Florida on March 1, 2021.


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