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Life In Legacy - Week ending Saturday, December 7, 2019

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Robert Walker Jr., seated left on his mother's lap, with parents and brother MichaelRev. Reinhard Bonnke, German evangelist in AfricaAndré Daguin, French chefRichard Easton, Tony-winning actorChalmers ('Bump') Elliott, football player and coachThomas Elsaesser, German film scholar and criticKate Figes, British feminist writerD. C. Fontana, first woman writer of 'Star Trek'Stephen George Garrett, architect who became J. Paul Getty's museum directorAllan Gerson, anti-terrorist lawyerLeonard Goldberg, TV and movie executive and producerMarvin Goodfriend, economist, former nominee to Federal Reserve BoardMariss Jansons, symphony conductorJay L. Kriegel, NYC Mayor John Lindsay's chief of staffDanny Kronenfeld, NYC social workerGeorge Laurer, invented Universal Product CodeDr. Margaret Lawrence, first black female psychoanalyst in USRon Leibman, film, theater, and TV actorDonald B. Marron, NYC financier and art collectorRobert K. Massie, historian of Russian tsarsJohann Baptist Metz, German Catholic theologianShelley Morrison, actress on 'Will & Grace'Josie Rubio, blog writer who described her cancer fightGeorge Sakheim, WWII Nazi crimes trials interpreterJoe Smith, recording executive

Art and Literature

Kate Figes (62) feminist writer known for her books about family life, among them a primer on the turmoil of new motherhood and investigations into long-term relationships and infidelity. Figes’s most successful book, a best-seller in the United Kingdom that enabled her to break into the American market, was Life After Birth (1998). In the book, drawing on interviews with hundreds of new mothers, she explored the extreme shifts in identity that women undergo after childbirth and topics like sexual desire, sleeplessness, and maternal ambivalence, a virtually taboo subject at the time (and one that elicited hate mail). Figes contended that a mother’s unconditional love for her child does not necessarily come at birth. It grows as the physical shock fades and may well be preceded by unhappiness, confusion, and disillusionment. Admitting to that does not make you a bad mother, she insisted. Figes died of cancer in London, England on December 7, 2019.

Stephen George Garrett (96) British-American architect who helped oil tycoon J. Paul Getty (died 1976) to transform his dream of a Roman-style villa in Malibu into a world-famous cultural attraction and became its first director. Garrett enjoyed working with the demanding and sometimes unpredictable billionaire. The museum moved to the facility now known as the Getty Villa in 1974 and later expanded into the Getty Center in Los Angeles. Garrett died in Santa Monica, California on December 2, 2019.

Robert K. Massie (90) Pulitzer Prize-winning historian who specialized in best-selling and critically praised biographies of the Russian tsars and discovered a personal connection to the country’s past through hemophilia, the blood disorder that afflicted both his own son and the son of Nicholas II. Massie wrote epics on two tsars: the 900-page Peter the Great, winner of the Pulitzer in 1981, and the 600-page Catherine the Great, winner in 2012 of a PEN award for biography. His first book drew upon his interest in Nicholas’s heir apparent, the Tsarevich Alexei, a hemophiliac like the eldest of Massie’s three children, Robert Jr. Nicholas & Alexandra was published in 1967, in the midst of the Cold War. It was a commercial success and the basis for a 1971 film adaptation, starring Michael Jayston and Janet Suzman, that won the Oscar for art direction. Massie died of Alzheimer’s disease in Irvington, New York. on December 2, 2019.

Josie Rubio (42) editor and writer who chronicled her life with cancer in a long-running blog. Rubio's Op-Ed essay in the New York Times in August about dating while terminally ill drew a wide readership. She wrote about grappling with cancer in the blog “A Pain in the Neck,” often finding humor in her struggle. In her essay she detailed her breakup with her boyfriend of 12 years and her reentry into the dating pool. Rubio’s cancer was first diagnosed as Hodgkin’s lymphoma in 2013. She later developed neuroendocrine tumors. She died in Brooklyn, New York on December 3, 2019.


Business and Science

André Daguin (84) chef who helped to put Gascony on the culinary map and made grilled duck breast the most popular dish in France. A descendant of generations of chefs and innkeepers, Daguin took over the kitchen of the Hôtel de France in 1959 and almost immediately made a daring decision. Up to that time, breast of duck was a little-regarded ingredient, used primarily in confits—meat simmered and preserved in its own fat. Daguin decided to grill the breast, or magret, like a steak. At first, “Lou Magret aux Braises,” as it appeared on the menu, was served with a béarnaise sauce made with duck fat. But in 1965 Daguin created a green peppercorn sauce for his duck. The dish became an instant classic, and duck breast became wildly popular. Today grilled duck breast appears in the top spot in surveys of France’s favorite dishes. Daguin died of pancreatic cancer in Auch, France on December 3, 2019.

Marvin Goodfriend (69) leading conservative monetary economist and former nominee to the Federal Reserve Board. An expert on central banking and monetary economics who had often been critical of the Fed’s actions since the 2008 financial crisis, Goodfriend was nominated to the Fed’s Board of Governors by President Donald Trump in November 2017. The full Senate did not confirm him, and his nomination lapsed. The spot he would have occupied remains vacant, along with a second seat on the central bank’s seven-member board. Even without confirmation, Goodfriend had a wide impact in economics and monetary policy. He had been teaching at Carnegie Mellon’s Tepper School of Business since 2005. He spent 25 years before that working as an economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Virginia, including as director of research. He died of cancer in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on December 5, 2019.

George Laurer (94) whose invention of the Universal Product Code at IBM transformed retail and other industries around the world. Laurer was an electrical engineer with IBM in North Carolina's Research Triangle Park in the early ‘70s when he spearheaded the development of the UPC, or bar code. The now-ubiquitous marking, composed of unique black bars and a 12-digit number, allowed retailers to identify products and their prices as they are scanned, usually at checkout. Laurer said in a 2010 interview that grocery stores in the ‘70s were dealing with soaring costs and the labor-intensive requirements of putting price tags on all their products. The bar code led to fewer pricing errors and allowed retailers to keep better account of their inventory. Today, such UPCs are on all kinds of products, services, and other items for identification. Laurer died in Wendell, North Carolina, a suburb of Raleigh, on December 5, 2019.

Dr. Margaret Lawrence (105) as a senior at Cornell in the ‘30s, Lawrence had a nearly perfect academic record and expected to attend the university’s medical school. But as the only black student in her class, she was denied admission. She was accepted at Columbia University's College of Physicians & Surgeons, where she became the only black student in her class of 104 who graduated in 1940. Lawrence became a renowned pediatrician and child psychiatrist and the first black female psychoanalyst in the US. A student of Dr. Benjamin Spock, she was a pioneering therapist who treated young families in Harlem and in Rockland County, just northwest of New York City. There, she and her husband helped to establish a progressive, racially integrated cooperative community in 1949 called Skyview Acres, where Dr. Lawrence lived for almost 70 years. She died in Boston, Massachusetts on December 4, 2019.

Donald B. Marron (85) financier with decades of executive leadership and a major figure in the New York art world. Marron began his Wall Street career as a teenager. By 1967 he was president and chief executive of Mitchell Hutchins, a research-oriented brokerage firm, and oversaw its transformation from a predominately retail-oriented firm into one of Wall Street’s premier stock research firms. He sold it to PaineWebber Group Inc., an American investment bank and stock brokerage firm, in 1977. In 1968 Marron was a founder of Data Resources Inc., a pioneering economic forecasting firm, with Harvard economist Otto Eckstein. The firm became the largest nongovernmental source of economic data in the world. Marron was chairman until McGraw-Hill purchased the firm for $103 million in 1979. In 1980 Marron became chairman and chief executive of PaineWebber. During his 20-year tenure, PaineWebber grew into one of the nation’s largest full-service securities firms before it was acquired by the Union Bank of Switzerland, better known as UBS. When UBS and PaineWebber merged in 2000, UBS became the world’s largest wealth manager. Besides his business career, Marron was a passionate art collector. He died of a heart attack in New York City on December 6, 2019.


Law

Allan Gerson (74) lawyer whose case against Libya in connection with the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland in 1988 paved the way for lawsuits in American courts against states that sponsor terror attacks. A child of Jewish refugees from the Holocaust who spent his early years in the US under a false identity, Gerson prosecuted Nazi war collaborators, represented victims of terrorism, taught international law, worked at the United Nations, and wrote books. But he was best known for originating the legal argument that was used successfully against the Libyan government for its role in supporting terrorists who bombed a civilian airliner that plunged into the town of Lockerbie. All 259 people aboard—most of them American—and 11 on the ground were killed in what remains the worst terrorist attack in Britain. Gerson died of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, a degenerative brain disorder, in Washington, DC on December 1, 2019.


News and Entertainment

Richard Easton (86) actor whose frequent appearances on Broadway across 50 years included a Tony-winning turn as poet A. E. Housman in Tom Stoppard’s The Invention of Love. Easton also appeared on TV and in films. His movie credits included Henry V (1989) and Dead Again (1991), both directed by Kenneth Branagh, with whom he had acted on the stage in England. But Easton was first and foremost a stage actor, turning in memorable performances in both classical and modern fare, aided by a vocal dexterity that might find him booming in one scene, sputtering in another. He died of congestive heart failure in New York City on December 2, 2019.

Thomas Elsaesser (76) German-born film scholar and teacher whose writings showed his fascination with Hollywood melodramas, the works of director Rainer Werner Fassbinder, and Weimar-era (1918–33) movies. Elsaesser’s many books and more than 200 essays established him, beginning in the mid-‘70s, as a leading figure in film criticism. He also started and ran major film studies departments at the University of East Anglia, in Norwich, England, and the University of Amsterdam. Elsaesser died in Beijing, China, where he had been on a lecture tour. He was found in his hotel room after he failed to show up for an appearance and later died in a hospital of cardiac arrest, on December 4, 2019.

D. C. Fontana (80) helped to create the lore of the ‘60s TV series Star Trek and developed one of its signature characters, Spock, as the show’s first female writer. Fontana was part of Star Trek from its early days, working alongside the show’s creator, Gene Roddenberry, as a story editor and writer. The original series, which premiered in 1966, introduced audiences to Captain Kirk, the United Federation of Planets, and the Starship Enterprise. But Fontana was best known among fans for her work on Spock, the half-human, half-Vulcan Starfleet officer portrayed by Leonard Nimoy. Spock was torn between the emotionality of his human side and a Vulcan’s commitment to logic. That narrative tension powered much of the series and several of the feature films that followed. Fontana died of cancer in Burbank, California on December 2, 2019.

Leonard Goldberg (85) network and studio executive and producer whose TV credits ranged from Starsky & Hutch in the ‘70s to the current drama series Blue Bloods and whose independent movies included WarGames and Sleeping with the Enemy. During his tenure as president of 20th Century-Fox, the studio produced hit films including Broadcast News, Big, Die Hard, and Wall Street. Goldberg was head of programming for ABC when the network’s lineup included Mod Squad, That Girl, and Marcus Welby, MD. Starting in the ‘70s, he joined TV producer Aaron Spelling to make shows including Charlie’s Angels, Hart to Hart, and Fantasy Island and TV movies including The Boy in the Plastic Bubble with John Travolta. As a production executive at Screen Gems, now Columbia Pictures Television, Goldberg approved production of the Peabody Award-winning TV movie Brian’s Song. He died in Los Angeles, California from injuries suffered in a fall, on December 4, 2019.

Mariss Jansons (76) conductor of top classical ensembles including the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra and the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra in Amsterdam. Born in German-occupied Riga in 1943 in what is now independent Latvia, Jansons grew up in the Soviet Union and studied at the Leningrad (now St. Petersburg) Conservatory. He was chief conductor in Pittsburgh from 1997–2004, regularly appeared at the Salzburg Festival, and in ‘06 and ‘12 conducted the Vienna Philharmonic New Year’s Concert broadcast around the world. He left the Pittsburgh orchestra to become principal conductor of the Royal Concertgebouw, a post he held until 2015. Jansons was credited with raising the reputation of the Oslo Philharmonic through recordings and international tours during a 23-year tenure as music director. He died in St. Petersburg, Russia on December 1, 2019.

Ron Leibman (82) actor who appeared in movies, theater, and TV in a career that spanned 60 years and won a Tony award for Tony Kushner’s iconic play Ängels in America. Leibman played a huge variety of roles both dramatic and comic. He appeared in numerous films including Norma Rae, opposite Sally Field, and Slaughterhouse-Five. He was perhaps best known on TV for his role on Friends, on which he played Dr. Leonard Green, father of Rachel, played by Jennifer Aniston. A crowning moment of Leibman’s career was his leading-actor Tony in 1993 for playing Roy Cohn, conservative lawyer and chief counsel to Senator Joseph McCarthy who died of AIDS in 1986. Leibman died of pneumonia in New York City on December 6, 2019.

Shelley Morrison (83) actress with a 50-year career who was best known for playing a memorable maid on Will & Grace. Morrison played Rosario Salazar, a maid from El Salvador, in the original run of Will & Grace from 1999–2006, becoming part of a cast that won a Screen Actors Guild award for best ensemble in a comedy series. The character, originally written for a single episode, proved so popular in her interactions with costar Megan Mullally that she appeared in 68 episodes during the NBC series’ eight seasons. Morrison died in Los Angeles, California from heart failure after a brief illness, on December 1, 2019.

Joe Smith (91) recording executive who presided over three major record companies in a career that stretched from the early days of rock ’n’ roll to the compact disc boom of the ‘90s. Smith led Warner Bros. and Elektra/Asylum in the ‘70s and revitalized the Capitol label in the ‘80s. A list of the hundreds of artists he worked with reflects the changing nature of pop over the course of his career, from Petula Clark and Peter, Paul & Mary to the Grateful Dead, Black Sabbath, the Eagles, Joni Mitchell, Queen, the Cars, and Mötley Crüe. Smith was associated especially closely with Garth Brooks and with Bonnie Raitt, whom he signed twice—first to Warner Bros. in 1971 and later to Capitol for the commercial breakthrough that began in ‘89 with her album Nick of Time. He died in Los Angeles, California on December 2, 2019.

Robert Walker Jr. (79) son of actors Robert Walker and Jennifer Jones. The younger Walker was best remembered for playing Charlie Evans in the Star Trek episode “Charlie X” from the show’s first season in 1966. His character was a teenage social misfit with psychic powers. The episode was written by D. C. Fontana, who died earlier this week. Walker also starred in a handful of ‘60s pictures including Ensign Pulver with Burl Ives and Walter Matthau, and Young Billy Young. He was born in Queens, New York in 1940, by which time his father was just launching his career as an actor. The elder Walker was best known for playing the role of murderous psychopath Bruno Antony in Alfred Hitchcock’s Strangers on a Train. The film was released shortly before his death of a suspected overdose in 1951 at age 32. Jones (died 2009) won an Oscar for The Song of Bernadette (1943). Younger brother Michael Walker, seated on his father's lap above, died in 2007. Robert Walker Jr. died in Malibu, California on December 5, 2019.


Politics and Military

Jay L. Kriegel (79) as a 25-year-old prodigy, Kriegel helped to shape the Lindsay administration’s progressive challenge to New York's entrenched power brokers and later emerged as one himself, in fields ranging from TV broadcasting to real estate development. A charter member of Mayor John V. Lindsay’s so-called “kiddie corps,” Kriegel played an outsized role as chief of staff and special counsel in an administration that held power from 1966–73. Later, as an outside process broker, he continued to influence a broad spectrum of policymaking through the same power of persuasion. His behind-the-scenes counsel, on behalf of private clients or the civic groups he volunteered to help, made him everyone’s go-to guy in navigating government bureaucracy. Recognizable in later years by his gray mane, Kriegel would argue their cases at a machine-gun pace. He died of melanoma in South Kent, Connecticut on December 5, 2019.

George Sakheim (96) interpreter at the Nazi war crimes trials in Nuremberg, Germany in 1946. Sakheim was one of the last surviving interpreters—there were about 30—at the International Military Tribunal, as the trials were officially known, and an eye-witness to its landmark legal proceedings. During his time in Nuremberg, Sakheim translated German documents into English; interpreted the interrogations of Rudolf Höss, Auschwitz’s murderous commandant, and other Nazi leaders; and provided simultaneous translation of testimony during the trials. He died of pneumonia and a heart infection in Lansdale, Pennsylvania on December 5, 2019.


Society and Religion

Rev. Reinhard Bonnke (79) German-born Pentecostal faith-healer whose open-air revivals in Africa attracted so many followers that in one case people were trampled to death hoping to be cured of their afflictions. From the time he left his home in Hamburg for the kingdom of Lesotho in 1967, by his own account, Bonnke felt called to bring the word of God to the people of Africa. Often called the “Billy Graham of Africa,” he asserted that he had inherited the mantel of a healing evangelist from British preacher George Jeffries (1889–1962), whom he had encountered in London. Bonnke died in Florida on December 7, 2019.

Danny Kronenfeld (87) social worker who directed the Henry Street Settlement in New York for 16 years, founded the nation’s first family homeless shelter staffed by social workers, and preserved a 19th-century tradition by transplanting his own family there. A product of neighborhood social-service programs when he was growing up in the South Bronx, Kronenfeld gained a reputation for taking a pragmatic approach to the daily challenges posed by urban poverty. He was also known for treating with equal dignity the struggling people he aided and the benefactors who helped him to support and expand Henry Street’s programs in Manhattan. He died of Parkinson's disease in New York City on December 6, 2019.

Johann Baptist Metz (91) one of the most influential Roman Catholic theologians of the 20th century and a pioneer of Jewish-Christian dialogue in the aftermath of the Holocaust. Metz believed that the church must be aligned with the victims of history, and he devoted his work to building solidarity with the oppressed. He challenged German Catholics to face the reality of Auschwitz when many did not. Metz died in Münster, Germany on December 2, 2019.


Sports

Chalmers ('Bump') Elliott (94) All-American halfback on an unbeaten University of Michigan football team who later coached the Wolverines for 10 years, then rebuilt the sports program at the University of Iowa as its longtime athletic director. Elliott ranged across the map of the Big Ten from the mid-‘40s to the early ‘90s. He played football for Purdue during World War II, then transferred to Michigan in 1946. Playing in a backfield known as the Mad Magicians for its deceptive ball handling, he starred for Michigan’s 1947 team, which went 9-0, then routed Southern California, 49-0, in the Rose Bowl. Playing alongside his brother, Pete (died 2013), at quarterback, and his fellow All-American Bob Chappuis at halfback, Bump Elliott was voted Most Valuable Player in the conference (then known as the Big Nine) in 1947 and scored 12 touchdowns. Named Michigan’s head football coach in 1959, he took the Wolverines to a 9-1 record in ‘64, followed by a Rose Bowl victory over Oregon State. His 1968 team went 8-2 but endured a 50-14 loss to Ohio State in the season’s finale. Bump Elliott died in Iowa City, Iowa on December 7, 2019.


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