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Life In Legacy - Week ending Saturday, March 2, 2019

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Andre Previn, pianist, composer, and conductor (with Frank Sinatra as a teenager)Zhores Alferov, Russian Nobel Prize physicistAndy Anderson, drummer with The Cure rock bandJoseph Flummerfelt, choral conductorHugh Fordin, Grammy-winning record producer and authorMark Hollis, frontman of British new wave band Talk TalkDonald Keene, translator of Japanese literatureCarrie Ann Lucas, champion of parents with disabilitiesCharles McCarry, spy novelistPatrick McCarthy, editor of 'Women's Wear Daily' and 'W' magazineJerry Merryman, coinventor of hand-held electronic calculatorEdward Nixon, youngest brother of former US President Richard NixonEusebio Pedroza, champion Panamanian boxerOgden R. Reid, newsman turned politicianKevin Roche, Irish architect, with his College Life Insurance Co. headquarters in Indianapolis, Ind.David Rogers, sociologistJeraldine Saunders, whose memoir inspired three TV movies and 'The Love Boat' TV seriesJohn Shafer, California vintnerGeorge Stade, Columbia University professor who studied lowbrow literatureNathaniel Taylor, actor on 'Sanford & Son'Mac Wiseman, bluegrass singer and guitarist

Art and Literature

Charles McCarry (88) spy novelist who foresaw passenger jets as terrorist weapons in The Better Angels (1979) decades before 9/11 and devised a compelling theory for President John F. Kennedy's assassination in The Tears of Autumn. McCarry didn’t write many best-sellers, but among aficionados he was regarded as “the dean” or “poet laureate” of American spy writers and the country’s answer to such British masters as John le Carre. McCarry set several of his books during the Cold War and often contrasted political idealists with those out in the field, observing in The Better Angels that “evil was permanent” and that the job of intelligence was to trick it into working for the other side. McCarry died in Fairfax, Virginia from a cerebral hemorrhage after a fall, on February 26, 2019.

Kevin Roche (96) Irish-born architect who left his mark on world-class buildings from New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art and the city’s Museum of Jewish Heritage to airports in New York City and Washington. Roche designed more than 200 buildings around the world, winning the Pritzker prize—the equivalent of the Nobel for architecture. His work includes corporate headquarters, scientific research facilities, plus theaters, a zoo, and various new wings for the Met museum along with a master plan; In his native Ireland, Roche created the Convention Centre Dublin. He studied with another architectural luminary, Mies van der Roe, and collaborated with Finnish-born Eero Saarinen. Roche died in Guilford, Connecticut on March 1, 2019.

Jeraldine Saunders (95) whose 1974 memoir of her time as a cruise director inspired the long-running TV series The Love Boat. Saunders also wrote a widely syndicated astrology column for the Tribune Co. and a book on hypoglycemia. She was a model and an author, a practitioner of numerology and palm reading, and an astrologer. She liked dating younger men and at age 89 filmed a segment for the TLC series Extreme Cougar Wives (with a boyfriend, not a husband). But her biggest claim to fame was her book The Love Boats, which inspired three TV movies: The Love Boat (1976) and The Love Boat II and The New Love Boat, both in early 1977. That fall, the concept was turned into an Aaron Spelling series, which ran for 250 episodes, making it one of the most successful shows of the period. Saunders died of complications from kidney stone surgery she had in December 2018, in Glendale, California on Feb. 25, 2019.

George Stade (85) literary scholar who studied lowbrow fiction and wrote the provocative 1979 satirical crime novel Confessions of a Lady-Killer. Stade wrote four novels and scores of journal articles and essays and was a professor of English and comparative literature at Columbia University for 36 years, retiring in 2000. He specialized in 20th-century American and British literature. While his favorite authors included many of those in the traditional pantheon—Faulkner, Joyce, Beckett—he also revered writers who occupied what many in academia considered the lower literary rungs, among them Stephen King, Bram Stoker, and Dashiell Hammett. Stade died of pneumonia in Silver Spring, Maryland on February 26, 2019.


Business and Science

Zhores Alferov (88) Russian physicist and Nobel Prize laureate. Alferov shared the Nobel Prize in physics in 2000 for developments in semiconductor research that have been used in satellite communications and cellular telephones. At the time of the prize he was director of the A. F. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute in St. Petersburg. He later became chairman of the Russian Academy of Science’s nanotechnology committee. In the Duma, the lower house of the Russian parliament where Alferov had been a deputy since 1995, he was a member of the Communist Party faction and served on the committee for Eurasian integration and Commonwealth of Independent States affairs. He died of cardiopulmonary failure in St. Petersburg, Russia on March 1, 2019.

Jerry Merryman (86) one of the inventors of the hand-held electronic calculator, described by those who knew him as not only brilliant but also kind with a good sense of humor. Merryman was one of the three men credited with inventing the hand-held calculator while working at Dallas-based Texas Instruments. The team was led by Jack Kilby, who made way for today’s computers with the invention of the integrated circuit and won the Nobel Prize. The prototype built by the team is at the Smithsonian Institution. Merryman had been hospitalized since late December 2018 after experiencing complications during surgery to install a pacemaker. He died in Dallas, Texas from heart and kidney failure, on February 27, 2019.

John Shafer (94) legendary northern California vintner, part of a generation that helped to elevate sleepy Napa Valley into the international wine powerhouse it is today. Shafer was 48 when he moved his family to California, purchasing a hillside vineyard well past its prime. But he saw promise in the soil, and in 1978 he produced the first Shafer Vineyards wine, a Cabernet Sauvignon. He was known for wine, but in later years Shafer devoted time to raising money for local causes, including housing and health care for low-income people. He died in Napa, California on March 2, 2019.


Education

Donald Keene (96) longtime Columbia University professor, a giant in the field of Japanese literature and translation. Keene fostered the growth of Japanese studies, a field that barely existed when he started as a Columbia undergraduate in the ‘40s. The scholar, who worked well into his 90s, published about 25 books in English, including translations of both classical and modern writers, and some 30 in Japanese. His landmark first anthology of Japanese literature was published in 1955. Keene came to feel at home in Japan, where he received many honors for his work and settled permanently in 2011. He died of heart failure in Tokyo, Japan on February 24, 2019.

David Rogers (88) sociologist whose book vilifying New York's Board of Education contributed to its eventual abolition and replacement by mayoral control over the city’s public schools. In 1968 Rogers published 110 Livingston Street: Politics & Bureaucracy in the New York City School System. Few New Yorkers needed reminding that No. 110 in downtown Brooklyn was both the board of education’s headquarters, a 1926 Beaux-Arts building designed for the Elks by McKim, Mead & White, and a metaphor for an oppressive bureaucracy. Rogers wrote his book when he was a senior research sociologist at the Center for Urban Education, a laboratory funded by the federal Office of Education. He concluded that the Board of Education was a “pathological bureaucracy” intent on perpetuating the status quo that sabotaged an open enrollment program intended to foster desegregation and preserved ethnic hegemony. He died of prostate cancer in New York City on February 27, 2019.


Law

Carrie Ann Lucas (47) championed people, especially parents, with disabilities and won a major lawsuit to make Kmart more accessible. Lucas, who lived with a rare form of muscular dystrophy for 30 years, was an effective advocate for people with disabilities. A lawyer, she successfully forced several businesses to make their premises more accessible in accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act. And in 2018, through her forceful lobbying, she helped to change Colorado law to ensure that the disability of a parent or potential guardian could not be the sole basis for denying custody, adoption, foster care, or guardianship of a child. The legislation grew out of her own struggle to adopt her niece, who was in foster care. Lucas, who used a power wheelchair, breathed through a ventilator, had low vision and minimal hearing, and relied on a feeding tube. She later adopted a total of four children, all with disabilities. She died of septic shock in Loveland, Colorado on February 24, 2019.


News and Entertainment

Andy Anderson (68) veteran drummer who recorded and performed with The Cure and later did session work with Iggy Pop, Peter Gabriel, and others. London-born Anderson joined The Cure in 1983, seven years after the group was formed. He was in the studio when the band recorded “Love Cats,” their first major hit. He later had a successful career as a studio musician and had recently worked as a solo artist. He died of cancer in London, England on February 26, 2019.

Joseph Flummerfelt (82) American choral conductor and collaborator with some of the US's most renowned orchestras and maestros. Flummerfelt played an outsize role in American classical music. He prepared choruses for hundreds of concerts by the New York Philharmonic and a host of other famous orchestras, and trained generations of singers and conductors at Westminster Choir College in Princeton, New Jersey. He often rehearsed choirs behind the scenes, then handed them off to more famous conductors for the final rehearsals and performances. He was de facto chorus master of the New York Philharmonic for decades, preparing nearly 600 choral performances with the orchestra from 1971–2016. And when other top orchestras and conductors—including Claudio Abbado, Leonard Bernstein, Pierre Boulez, Carlo Maria Giulini, and Riccardo Muti—needed choruses for their requiems, masses, and choral symphonies, they often turned to Flummerfelt. His choirs were featured on some 45 recordings, several of which won Grammy Awards. He died of a stroke in Indianapolis, Indiana on March 1, 2019.

Hugh Fordin (83) behind-the-scenes show business figure who wrote detail-filled books, including M-G-M’s Greatest Musicals: The Arthur Freed Unit, and founded a record company specializing in cast albums and other recordings related to film and theater. As a record producer and executive, Fordin made sure that music from the great American songbook and from stage and movie musicals had a chance to be heard. DRG Records, which he founded in 1976 and was still presiding over at his death, released cast albums for shows like the 21st-century revivals of Wonderful Town and Sweet Charity, and albums by singers like Barbara Cook and KT Sullivan, the Forbidden Broadway parody series, and reissues of notable recordings from the past. His albums were nominated for numerous Grammy Awards, and he and others won a 2001 Grammy for best musical theater album for the cast recording of The Producers, which he made for Sony. Fordin died of cardiac arrest in Titusville, New Jersey on February 26, 2019.

Mark Hollis (64) singer-songwriter frontman of ‘80s British new wave band Talk Talk, which formed in 1981 and had hits in several countries with songs including “It's My Life” and “Life's What You Make it,” powered by a synth sound and Hollis's vocals. Hollis released a self-titled solo album in 1998 before retiring from the music industry. He died on February 25, 2019.

Patrick McCarthy (67) spent his entire reporting and editing career at the Fairchild media company—known for the fashion industry bible Women’s Wear Daily and W magazine—and succeeded his mentor, John Fairchild (died in 2015), as its chairman and editorial director. Impeccably dressed in Armani suits, McCarthy successfully led the company for 13 years without being as famously irascible and capricious as Fairchild, whose family had founded the business. Where Fairchild had feuded with designers, McCarthy was calmer. But he shared his patron’s competitive fire—especially if WWD did not get a story first. And McCarthy did not shrink from criticizing people in the industry. He died in New York City on February 24, 2019.

Andre Previn (89) pianist, composer, and conductor whose broad reach took in the worlds of Hollywood, jazz, and classical music, always rejecting suggestions that his bop ‘n’ blues moonlighting lessened his stature. Previn was a child prodigy whose family fled Nazi Germany. As a teenager, he found work as a composer and arranger in the musical sweatshops of Hollywood, mostly at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), winning four Oscars for his orchestrations of such stylish musicals as My Fair Lady (1964). Previn then abandoned Hollywood for a career as a classical conductor. He was named musical director of the Houston Symphony in 1967 and later led such renowned orchestras as the Los Angeles Philharmonic and London’s Royal Philharmonic. In 1998 his opera based on A Streetcar Named Desire premiered at the San Francisco Opera. Throughout his career, Previn continued to dip in and out of the jazz world. He died in New York City on February 28, 2019.

Nathaniel Taylor (80) actor best known as Rollo Lawson, the street-smart best friend of the son on the ‘70s sitcom Sanford & Son. Taylor’s character, Rollo, was sidekick to Lamont Sanford, played by actor Demond Wilson, and often drew the skepticism of TV patriarch Fred Sanford, who thought Rollo was a bad influence on Lamont because he’d spent time in jail. The fast-talking but good-hearted Rollo dressed in colorful suits and hats and called Fred—played by actor and comedian Redd Foxx—“Pops.” Taylor later acted in other shows and movies, opening a performing arts studio for young actors. He died of a heart attack in Los Angeles, California on February 27, 2019.

Mac Wiseman (93) bluegrass balladeer and guitar player known as “the Voice with a Heart,” whose hallmark was crossing musical genre lines. Wiseman first made his mark in the ‘40s playing with bluegrass legends, first as a founding member of Lester Flatt and Earl Scruggs’s Foggy Mountain Boys, then with Bill Monroe’s Blue Grass Boys. As a sometime lead singer with Monroe’s group, Wiseman was featured on classics like “Can’t You Hear Me Callin’” and “Travelin’ This Lonesome Road.” He appeared as a headlining act on the bluegrass circuit in the ‘50s and ’60s, but his musical instincts were always too wide-ranging to rest within the confines of bluegrass. Wiseman died of kidney failure in Nashville, Tennessee on February 24, 2019.


Politics and Military

Edward Nixon (88) youngest brother of former US President Richard Nixon who staunchly defended his sibling’s White House legacy. A geologist and Navy veteran, Edward Nixon worked on his brother’s 1968 and ‘72 presidential campaigns and was cochairman of the Nixon reelection committee in ’72. Richard Nixon was 17 and getting ready to start college when his youngest brother was born in 1930. Edward was the fifth son of Frank and Hannah Nixon and had been the last surviving brother of the former president. Because of their age difference, Edward described his older brother as a mentor and assistant father. In 1994 he told reporters that the former president was frequently misrepresented, with the focus on the Watergate scandal that drove him from office. Edward Nixon died in Bothell, Washington, a Seattle suburb, on February 27, 2019.

Ogden R. Reid (93) former editor of the New York Herald Tribune who represented congressional districts in Westchester County, New York for 12 years, first as a Republican, then as a Democrat. Reid was the scion of a newspaper publishing family whose grandfather was editor and principal owner of the New York Tribune and whose father merged it in the ‘20s with the New York Herald to form the Herald Tribune. Reid was the Herald Tribune’s president and editor in the ‘50s. The newspaper was respected for its high-quality journalism but dogged by financial troubles that helped to bring its demise in the ‘60s. The family sold its controlling interest in 1958. Reid entered government service in 1959 when President Dwight D. Eisenhower named him ambassador to Israel. In 1960 Reid ran for the Republican Party's nomination for the House of Representatives seat from a predominantly Republican district in eastern Westchester. During his House tenure, which ran through 1974, Reid supported antipoverty and civil rights legislation and efforts to improve urban areas, curb housing discrimination, and strengthen Social Security. He died in Waccabuc, New York on March 2, 2019.


Sports

Eusebio Pedroza (62) former world champion Panamanian boxer who defended the featherweight title more times than any other. Nicknamed the “Scorpion,” Pedroza successfully defended his title 19 times between 1978–85. His reign ended in London at the hands of Ireland’s Barry McGuigan in 1985. Pedroza had been hospitalized recently while battling pancreatic cancer. He died in Panama City, Panama on March 1, 2019.


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