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Life In Legacy - Week ending Saturday, February 2, 2019

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Nehanda Abiodun, US black nationalistKim Bok-dong, WWII sex slave of Japanese militaryHarold Bradley, country music guitaristAlice Dye, codesigner of golf coursesA. Ernest Fitzgerald, USAF cost expert and whistle-blowerAndy Hebenton, NY Rangers hockey playerSusan Hiller, British conceptual artistRon Hutchinson, vintage film buffCharles J. Hynes, former Brooklyn DAJames Ingram, R&B singerRon Joyce, cofounder of Tim HortonsMichelle King, first black woman to lead LA Unified School DistrictPeter Magowan, Safeway CEO who led group to keep Giants in San FranciscoDick Miller, character actor in low-budget moviesPierre Nanterme, French business executiveNancy B. Reich, biographer of Clara SchumannMargo Rodriguez, half of dance team Augie & MargoDonald S. Smith, producer of controversial abortion filmSanford Sylvan, opera singerWilliam Van Alstyne, US Constitutional scholarJan Wahl, children's book authorDr. Doris L. Wethers, pushed for mandatory newborn testing for sickle cell anemia in NYCWade Wilson, football player and coachErik Olin Wright, University of Wisconsin sociologist

Art and Literature

Susan Hiller (78) leading British conceptual artist whose video, audio, and photographic installations explored extinct languages, alien abductions, girls with psychic powers, and the Holocaust. Hiller’s mysterious and dreamlike art, which often made use of forgotten artifacts of modern culture, straddled reality and the subconscious and often explored the paranormal. She died of pancreatic cancer in London, England on January 28, 2019.

Nancy B. Reich (94) whose 1985 biography of Clara Schumann established her as an important musical figure independent of her husband, composer Robert Schumann, and helped to turn the musicological spotlight on female composers. Throughout her career Reich fought to redress belittling portraits of Clara Schumann by earlier authors and to have her recognized as a significant composer, pianist, educator, and a central figure of German Romanticism. The decades that followed the publication of her book, Clara Schumann: The Artist & the Woman, aroused public and scholarly interest. Doctoral dissertations, anthologies, and histories of music by women proliferated, and scholarly editions of Clara Schumann’s music for piano appeared, fueling an increase in performances. Nancy Reich died in Ossining, New York on January 31, 2019.

Jan Wahl (87) children’s author whose work over many decades was illustrated by eminent artists like Maurice Sendak, Norman Rockwell, and Edward Gorey. Wahl was a prolific author who published more than 100 books, many of which found favor with children and parents alike. His collaborating with leading book artists was one measure of the esteem with which his work was held; they can be selective about what children’s book authors they’ll work with. Wahl's career began in 1964 with Pleasant Fieldmouse, a series of pastoral fables featuring anthropomorphic animals drawn by Sendak, who had published his classic Where the Wild Things Are in ’63. Several of Wahl’s later books featured his field mouse protagonist, although none of the sequels were illustrated by Sendak. Wahl died of metastatic cancer in Toledo, Ohio on January 29, 2019.


Business and Science

Ron Joyce (88) Canadian who rose from a childhood marked by the Great Depression to cofound the Tim Hortons doughnut chain. Joyce invested in the first Tim Hortons shop in Hamilton, Ontario in 1964. He purchased that first restaurant for $10,000 and helped to grow it into a successful chain. In 1995 the company opened its 1,000th store. In 1967 Joyce and professional hockey player Tim Horton became full partners in the company. When Horton was killed in a car accident in February 1974, Joyce became sole owner, purchasing his deceased partner’s share. He sold the chain to Wendy’s International Inc. in 1996. It was later purchased by Burger King, and the two brands became Restaurant Brands International in 2014. Joyce died in Burlington, Ontario, Canada on January 31, 2019.

Pierre Nanterme (59) French business executive who topped a 36-year career at the consulting firm now known as Accenture with an eight-year run as chief executive, greatly increasing its value and doubling its workforce to 469,000 employees. Under Nanterme, Accenture, a consulting giant that counts some of the world’s largest companies among its clients, spent over $6 billion to acquire more than 100 smaller firms, increasing in value by $70 billion. Nanterre's strategy for fueling growth involved, among other things, creating divisions dedicated to what he called “the new”: digital, cloud-computing, and security services. Those units now account for more than 60 per cent of Accenture’s revenue. Nanterme died of colon cancer in Paris, France on January 31, 2019.

Dr. Doris L. Wethers (91) physician who broke racial barriers in the medical world before gaining renown for research and advocacy that helped to lead to mandatory testing of all newborns for sickle cell anemia. In 1965 Wethers became the first black chief of a medical department at a New York voluntary or private nonprofit hospital when she was named director of pediatrics at Knickerbocker Hospital in West Harlem. Knickerbocker, which had a history of refusing to admit black patients, was renamed Arthur C. Logan Memorial Hospital before it closed in 1979. Wethers was later director of pediatrics from 1969–74 at Sydenham Hospital (shuttered in 1980), then, until ‘79, at St. Luke’s Hospital Center (now Mount Sinai St. Luke’s). She became St. Luke’s first black attending physician in 1958. She opened sickle cell anemia programs at all three hospitals, conducted research, and helped to draft landmark legislation in New York City to require screening of infants for the disorder. She died of a stroke in Yonkers, New York on January 28, 2019.


Education

Michelle King (57) throughout a long career as a local educator, King exceeded expectations at every step but never had a chance to leave a defining mark at the peak of her career—as Los Angeles schools superintendent—because of illness that later claimed her life. She was the first black woman to lead the LA Unified School District. The school board selected King to lead the nation’s second-largest school system in January 2016. She had grown up attending LA schools and began her professional career as a teacher’s aide, then a teacher, gradually rising through the ranks. Her style was not to make waves; instead she impressed people with her competence, humanity, dedication, and loyalty—over and over again. She died of cancer in Los Angeles, California on February 2, 2019.

William Van Alstyne (84) scholar whose interpretations of the US Constitution were invoked by Supreme Court justices, civil libertarians, and advocates for many causes, including gun ownership and abortion rights. Van Alstyne, who taught for 39 years at Duke University School of Law in Durham, North Carolina, was both a Republican and a national board member of the American Civil Liberties Union. He argued that banning abortion would be unconstitutional, that the Second Amendment guaranteed individuals—not only militias—the right to own guns, and that warrantless wiretapping by the administration of President George W. Bush was illegal. Van Alstyne died of heart failure in Huntington Beach, California on January 29, 2019.

Erik Olin Wright (71) University of Wisconsin-Madison sociologist known internationally for his writings on inequality and “real utopias” published in his 42-year campus career. A former president of the American Sociological Association, Wright was among the most prominent Marxist sociologists in the world. He published more than 100 research papers and 15 books, including Envisioning Real Utopias. He stopped teaching soon after learning he had acute myeloid leukemia last spring. He died in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on January 30, 2019.


Law

Charles J. Hynes (83) former prosecutor who tried to bring order to Brooklyn’s wild streets during an era of racial strife and rampant crime. Hynes was Brooklyn district attorney for 24 years before losing the office in a Democrat primary in 2013. Early in his career as a prosecutor, he was a central figure in attempts to wring justice from three of the country’s most notorious episodes of racial violence in the late ‘80s and early ‘90s, prosecuting men for hate-motivated killings in the Howard Beach section of Queens and the Bensonhurst and Crown Heights sections of Brooklyn. He was later toppled from office by a reformer who argued that under Hynes's watch, police and prosecutors fighting out-of-control crime took shortcuts that sometimes put innocent people in jail. Hynes died in Deerfield Beach, Florida on January 29, 2019.


News and Entertainment

Harold Bradley (93) Country Music Hall of Fame guitarist who played on hundreds of hit country records including “Crazy,” “King of the Road,” and “Crying” and helped to create “The Nashville Sound” with his brother Owen. The Bradley brothers had a huge impact on Nashville during the ‘50s and beyond, with Harold serving as a member of the “A Team” of session musicians and his brother leading Decca Records. Harold Bradley switched from banjo to guitar at the urging of his brother. He was a teenager when he started playing professionally, touring with Ernest Tubb and making his debut on the Grand Ole Opry. He played on songs for Hank Williams, Eddy Arnold, the Everly Brothers, Burl Ives, Red Foley, Anita Bryant, Patsy Cline, and Roy Orbison. Many consider him one of the most recorded musicians ever, appearing on multiple Elvis Presley records. Bradley died in Nashville, Tennessee on January 31, 2019.

Ron Hutchinson (67) film buff who led a campaign to restore scores of largely forgotten short sound films from the ‘20s and ’30s that featured comedians, vaudevillians, opera singers, and musical acts. Hutchinson and four friends created the Vitaphone Project in 1991 with an ambitious mission. They set out to preserve the one-reel shorts that Warner Bros. made under the title Vitaphone Varieties at studios in Brooklyn and Burbank, California from 1926–31, as Hollywood was shifting from silent movies to talking pictures like The Jazz Singer (1927), the first full-length talkie. Those early shorts used Vitaphone, a Bell Labs technology, which synchronized the speeds of the film projector and a turntable that played 16-inch sound discs. The challenge was to find the largely lost records that contained the voices of entertainers like George Burns and Gracie Allen, Bob Hope, Jack Benny, Rose Marie, and lesser-known vaudevillians. Hutchinson died of colon cancer in Piscataway, New Jersey on February 2, 2019.

James Ingram (66) whose voice—precise, crisp, and reserved, yet full of feeling—made him one of the defining singers of rhythm and blues in the ‘80s. Ingram was plucked from obscurity by producer Quincy Jones to appear on his 1981 album, The Dude. Jones discovered Ingram on a demo of “Just Once,” written by Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil, which he sang for $50. Jones loved not just the song but the singer as well, and he called Ingram—who initially hung up on him—and invited him to perform “Just Once” and another song, “One Hundred Ways,” on that album. Both songs became huge hits, cracking the Top 20 of the Billboard Hot 100. “One Hundred Ways” earned Ingram a Grammy in 1982 for best male R&B vocal performance. He died in Los Angeles, California on January 29, 2019.

Dick Miller (90) character actor whose reputation as a regular in dozens of low-budget movies produced or directed by Roger Corman led to parts in films by acolytes of Corman like Joe Dante, Martin Scorsese, and James Cameron. In a career that began in the mid-‘50s, Miller appeared in nearly 200 films and TV shows. Corman cast him in his first film role, as an Indian in the western Apache Woman (1955), and he soon became a stock player in Corman’s relentless stream of horror, science fiction, and crime movies. Miller could imbue even meager parts with authenticity, making Corman’s over-the-top films more believable or adding to their camp, depending on one’s point of view. He played a door-to-door vacuum cleaner salesman in Not of This Earth (1957), a leper in The Undead (1957), and a scientist in War of the Satellites (1958), among numerous roles. Miller had congestive heart failure and pneumonia when he died of a heart attack in Burbank, California on January 30, 2019.

Margo Rodriguez (89) half of the husband-and-wife team Augie & Margo, who danced the mambo on TV and before presidents and helped it to evolve from a nightclub craze into popular entertainment. Augie & Margo’s dance career took shape at the Palladium Ballroom, a haven for Latin music in Midtown Manhattan, where they often danced to the music of Tito Puente and his orchestra. In the ‘50s–’70s Augie & Margo were among mambo’s best-known ambassadors, dancing on concert stages, on TV, and in nightclubs around the world. They appeared repeatedly on The Steve Allen Show, The Arthur Murray Party, and The Ed Sullivan Show and opened for entertainers like Sammy Davis Jr., Frank Sinatra, and Dean Martin in Las Vegas. At the height of their fame, they danced in London for Queen Elizabeth II and at the White House for Presidents John F. Kennedy and Richard M. Nixon. Augie Rodriguez died in 2014. Margo died of pneumonia in West Palm Beach, Florida on January 29, 2019.

Sanford Sylvan (65) American baritone whose eloquence and commanding presence put him at the center of some of the most important operatic events of recent times. Sylvan’s voice and his combination of emotional openness and understated dignity brought to operatic life two crucial characters in landmark works by John Adams. Sylvan was the first Chou En-lai in Nixon in China (1987) and Leon Klinghoffer in The Death of Klinghoffer (1991). He was also soloist at the premiere of The Wound-Dresser (1989), Adams’ orchestral setting of Walt Whitman’s poem. He died in New York City on january 29, 2019.


Politics and Military

Nehanda Abiodun (68) US radical black nationalist who was charged in the deadly botched robbery of a Brink’s armored truck in 1981, then spent decades as a fugitive in Cuba, a hero to would-be revolutionaries and a criminal to many others. Self-described revolutionaries belonging to the Weather Underground and the Black Liberation Army committed a rash of domestic bombings and hijackings in the ‘60s and ’70s in what they called resistance to the US government. Abiodun (born Laverne Dalton in New York City) was suspected of conspiring with members of both groups. The radicals were charged with attacks against government targets and with helping another revolutionary, Assata Shakur (known as Joanne Chesimard before choosing an African name), to escape in 1979 from an upstate New York prison. Shakur had been convicted in the killing of a New Jersey state trooper in a shootout in 1973. The groups supported their activities with armed robberies. Abiodun died in Havana, Cuba on January 30, 2019.

Kim Bok-dong (92) former sex slave of the Japanese military during World War II whose campaigning helped to bring international attention to the suffering that thousands of women like her endured. Since the early ‘90s, Kim had been a representative of the former sex slaves, known euphemistically as comfort women. She was one of the first to break decades of silence and talk about what had been done to her, and she traveled around the world to testify about it, including at the United Nations. To her last days, she demanded reparations from Japan. When reporters visited her in the hospital, she accused Japan Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s government of refusing to atone properly. Historians say as many as 200,000 girls, from Korea and other Asian countries, were forced or lured into sexual slavery during the war. Kim died of cancer in Seoul, South Korea on January 28, 2019.

A. Ernest Fitzgerald (92) US Air Force cost expert who was fired after testifying to Congress in 1968 that a new fleet of aircraft had soared $2 billion over budget but regained his job and continued to uncover waste at the Pentagon. A government whistle-blower who preferred to be labeled a truth-teller, Fitzgerald testified more than 50 times on Capitol Hill about fraud, pork, and cost overruns. His blunt and often public assessments, delivered in an Alabamian drawl, led him to be treated as an outcast inside the Pentagon for many years. He died in Falls Church, Virginia on January 31, 2019.


Society and Religion

Donald S. Smith (94) producer of the controversial 1984 abortion film The Silent Scream. Smith formed Crusade for Life in 1970 after becoming alarmed by word of an abortion involving twins. In 1984 he produced the 30-minute film depicting through ultrasound the abortion of an 11-week-old fetus. The film’s narrator said the fetus’s movements indicated it was screaming in pain. Critics denounced the film as a fraud, saying embryologists had determined that fetuses cannot feel pain at that stage of development. After President Ronald Reagan praised the film, Smith arranged a showing in Washington. Afterward he provided copies to every member of Congress and the Supreme Court. Smith died in Wenatchee, Washington on January 30, 2019.


Sports

Alice Dye (91) teamed with her husband, Pete, to pioneer modern golf-course architecture and worked to promote the women’s game for more than 50 years. Both ardent golfers, the Dyes designed dozens of venues in the US and abroad, many of them regularly ranked among the best in the world and frequently chosen to host professional tournaments. That roster includes the stadium course at TPC Sawgrass in Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida; PGA West, near Palm Springs, California; Whistling Straits, on Lake Michigan in Sheboygan, Wisconsin; the Ocean Course on Kiawah Island in South Carolina; Harbour Town Golf Links in Hilton Head, South Carolina; and Crooked Stick, in Alice’s hometown, Indianapolis, Indiana. Their courses were generally known as Pete Dye designs, but Alice provided significant input, and her husband usually took her advice. Alice Dye died in Gulf Stream, Florida on February 1, 2019.

Andy Hebenton (89) hockey player who never missed a game during eight seasons with the New York Rangers and a final season with the Boston Bruins in setting a record at the time of 630 consecutive National Hockey League appearances. Hebenton played on right wing in the old six-team NHL during the ‘50s and ’60s, when players had yet to wear helmets and brawls were common. He appeared in 216 straight games in the minors before the Rangers obtained him in 1955 and, coincidentally, another 216 consecutive games in the minor leagues after the Bruins released him in ’64. Hebenton’s streak of 1,062 consecutive professional games, in both the minor and major leagues, ended in the 1967–68 season when he left the Portland Buckaroos of the Western Hockey League to attend the funeral of his father, Robert, in Winnipeg, Manitoba. He eclipsed the NHL record of 580 consecutive games played, set by Johnny Wilson, a wing, who skated for four teams. Hebenton died in Gresham, Oregon on January 29, 2019.

Peter Magowan (76) in 1992—decades after he had watched the New York Giants play at the Polo Grounds as a boy—Magowan led a group that bought the team to keep it from relocating to Florida from San Francisco. Magowan had been chief executive of Safeway Stores, the US's largest supermarket chain, when Bob Lurie, the Giants’ owner, made a deal with investors in the St. Petersburg-Tampa area in August 1992 to move the team there. Very quickly, a group of local investors, led by Magowan, assembled a $100 million bid to keep the team in San Francisco, where the Giants had moved from New York in 1957. To Magowan, the possibility of the team fleeing his adopted hometown was as unspeakable as the departure of the NY Giants and the Brooklyn Dodgers, who moved to Los Angeles, had been. Magowan suffered from liver and prostate cancer and had undergone a liver transplant. He died in San Francisco, California on January 27, 2019.

Wade Wilson (60) quarterback who led the Minnesota Vikings to a National Football Conference championship game and coached the position with the Dallas Cowboys for more than 10 years. Wilson played for five NFL teams from 1981–98. He played 10 seasons for the Vikings, leading them to the NFC title game during the 1987 season. They lost 17-10 to the Washington Redskins, who later won the Super Bowl. Minnesota made the playoffs the next two seasons as well. Wilson also played for the Atlanta Falcons (1992), the New Orleans Saints (1993–94), the Cowboys (1995–97), and the Oakland Raiders (1998). He began his coaching career as the Cowboys quarterback coach from 2000–02 and returned to that role from ‘07–17. From 2004–06 he coached with the Chicago Bears. He died in the Dallas, Texas suburb of Coppell on his 60th birthday, February 1, 2019.


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