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Life In Legacy - Week ending Saturday, June 9, 2018

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Ira Berlin, historian of US slavery and its aftermathAnthony Bourdain, celebrity chefMaria Bueno, Brazilian tennis championFrank C. Carlucci, former US secretary of defenseDwight Clark, San Francisco 49er famous for 'The Catch'Philippe de Baleine, French journalist and magazine editorDavid Douglas Duncan, photojournalistClarence Fountain, founding member of Grammy-winning gospel groupMurray Fromson, longtime CBS News correspondentEunice Gayson, first 'Bond girl'Lorraine Gordon, longtme proprietor of Village VanguardReinhard Haudegen, German submarine commander in WWIIJerry Hopkins, biographer of Jim MorrisonClemens Kalischer, photojournalist who captured 'moments of clarity'Danny Kirwan, Fleetwood Mac guitaristGeorge N. Leighton, Chicago lawyer and judgeC. M. Newton, Hall of Fame athletic directorJalal Mansur Nuriddin, 'grandfather of rap'Miguel, Cardinal Obando y Bravo of NicaraguaWilliam Reese, dealer in rare booksRed Schoendienst, St. Louis Cardinals stalwartKate Spade, accessories designerGena Turgel, 'Bride of Belsen'Michael Vollbracht, artist, illustrator, and fashion designerFrances Walker-Slocum, pioneering classical pianist and teacher

Art and Literature

Jerry Hopkins (82) first-generation music writer for Rolling Stone magazine whose many books included biographies of Jim Morrison, Elvis Presley, and Jimi Hendrix. Hopkins produced an eclectic range of work that was largely about rock music but also included books and articles about exotic food, sex, travel, and Hawaiian musical instruments. But his most famous subject was undoubtedly Jim Morrison, who rose to fame as the charismatic lead singer of the Doors and was only 27 when he died in Paris in 1971. Hopkins died of heart failure in Bangkok, Thailand on June 3, 2018.


Business and Science

Lorraine Gordon (95) jazz lover who took over the Village Vanguard, New York's oldest and most venerated jazz nightclub, in 1989 and remained its no-nonsense proprietor for the rest of her life. Gordon was married for 40 years to the Vanguard’s founder and owner, Max Gordon (died 1989), but had been a jazz fan long before she met him. She died of a stroke in New York City on June 9, 2018.

William Reese (62) dealer in rare books whose encyclopedic knowledge of historic American books and manuscripts made him a towering figure in his field. For nearly 40 years, from his treasure house of a by-appointment-only store on a quiet block in New Haven, Connecticut, Reese shaped tastes, cultivated collectors, advised museums and libraries, and made and moved markets. Many of the nation’s leading collections of Americana bear his stamp. Reese relied on the breadth and depth of his scholarship to grasp the import of all sorts of seeming arcana. He died of prostate cancer at his childhood home in Havre de Grace, Maryland on June 4, 2018.

Kate Spade (55) buying a Kate Spade handbag was a coming-of-age ritual for a generation of American women. The designer created an accessories empire that helped to define the look of an era. The purses she made became a status symbol and a token of adulthood. Spade also attached her name to home goods and china and towels and so much else. One of the first of a wave of American women contemporary designers who emerged in the ‘90s, she built a brand on the appeal of clothes and accessories that made shoppers smile. Kate Spade was found dead at her New York City home in what police characterized as a suicide by hanging, on June 5, 2018.

Michael Vollbracht (71) artist, illustrator, and fashion designer behind Bloomingdale's trendy shopping bags of the late '70s and early '80s. Vollbracht's runway creations also drew crowds. A fall collection shown in 1982 at the peak of his runway career featured jumpsuits, caftans, and billowing gowns executed in rainbow patterns and screen prints. He died of esophageal cancer in Safety Harbor, Florida on June 7, 2018.


Education

Ira Berlin (77) prize-winning historian revered for his exhaustive groundbreaking scholarship into slavery and life during its aftermath. Through his books and the Freedmen & Southern Society Project, based at the University of Maryland, Berlin helped to unearth countless documents on the horrors, heroism, and complexities of black life in the US and the colonial era. He explored everything from the relationship between masters and their former slaves to the long history of slavery predating the rise of the American South. Berlin died of multiple myeloma in Washington, DC on June 5, 2018.

Frances Walker-Slocum (94) pioneering classical pianist, the first black female tenured professor at Oberlin College & Conservatory, where she had taught from 1976 until she retired in ‘91. Walker-Slocum overcame childhood burns that left her arm impaired. Hired at Oberlin after performing at a concert there, she became an outspoken champion of black composers, including Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, Scott Joplin, and William Grant Still, and waged a continuing campaign for gender pay equality among the faculty. She stopped playing the piano after developing rheumatoid arthritis in her hands. She died in Oberlin, Ohio on June 9, 2018.


Law

George N. Leighton (105) Chicago lawyer and judge who worked to desegregate juries and schools, advocated for people facing the death penalty, and represented a Chicago crime boss. When Leighton moved to Chicago in the ‘40s, he and other blacks could not join local bar associations or rent space at most downtown office buildings. But by the end of his 60-year career he was one of the most accomplished lawyers in the city’s history. That career included stints as a lawyer in private practice, as an assistant state attorney general, and as a judge in state and federal courts. In 2012, Chicago’s main criminal courthouse became the Honorable George N. Leighton Criminal Court Building. Leighton returned to Massachusetts, his home state, after retiring. He died in Brockton, Massachusetts on June 6, 2018.


News and Entertainment

Anthony Bourdain (61) celebrity chef who inspired millions to share his delight in food and the bonds it created. Rarely afraid to speak his mind, Bourdain mixed a coarseness and whimsical sense of adventure. His show, Parts Unknown, seemed like an odd choice for CNN when it started in 2013—part travelogue, part history lesson, part love letter to exotic foods. Each trip was an adventure. There had been nothing quite like it on the staid news network, and it became an immediate hit. Bourdain was found dead, a suicide by hanging, in his hotel room in the French city of Haut-Rhin while working on his series on culinary traditions, on June 8, 2018.

Philippe de Baleine (96) French journalist and magazine editor who pursued a parallel career as a prolific author, often writing under a pseudonym. An author of some 50 novels and nonfiction books, De Baleine was editor in chief of the news weekly Paris Match in the ‘70s and '80s. At other times he also ran the French version of the women’s magazine Marie Claire and the French scientific monthly Sciences & Vie, among other publications. As a journalist he reported from West Africa and Southeast Asia, where he covered the first Indochina war, in which colonial French forces were defeated by the insurgent Viet Minh in 1954; later he covered the Vietnam War. He died in Paris, France on June 7, 2018.

David Douglas Duncan (102) photographer who helped to change the role of war photography by exposing the anguish of soldiers in Korea and Vietnam. A close friend of Pablo Picasso, Duncan used his photos to chronicle the artist’s life and work. His images of the 1968 Democrat and Republican conventions and how they represented America were also widely celebrated. But Duncan’s most influential work was as a combat photographer. Instead of portraying soldiers as heroes, he portrayed them as ordinary humans, tormented or courageous on the battlefield, exhausted or fearful behind the scenes. Duncan died in France of complications from a lung infection, on June 7, 2018.

Clarence Fountain (88) founding member of the Grammy-winning gospel group the Blind Boys of Alabama. The group won four Grammys, a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, and a National Endowment of the Arts National Heritage Fellowship. Fountain stopped touring with the group in 2007 because of complications from diabetes but sang on its ‘17 album, Almost Home. He died two days after being hospitalized, in Baton Rouge, Louisiana on June 3, 2018.

Murray Fromson (88) longtime CBS News correspondent and former Associated Press reporter known for his work during the Korean and Vietnam wars. During his 35-year career in broadcast news, Fromson covered the Vietnam War and the fall of Saigon, the armistice talks in Korea, the end of the US occupation in Japan, and the Apollo space program. He worked for the AP for several years in the ‘50s before he went to work at NBC News, then became a longtime CBS News correspondent. He also covered two presidential elections, three summit meetings between President Richard Nixon and Leonid Brezhnev of the former Soviet Union, and “Bloody Sunday,” a day of racial violence in Selma, Alabama in 1965. Fromson was a founding member of the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press, a nonprofit organization that provides legal representation and resources to protect the rights of journalists. He died in his sleep in Los Angeles, California on June 9, 2018.

Eunice Gayson (90) British stage and film actress who earned a place in cinema history as the first Bond girl. Gayson appeared in the first two James Bond films, Dr. No (1962) and From Russia with Love (1963), as sultry Sylvia Trench, who meets British spy Bond (Sean Connery) at the elegant club Le Cercle over a game of cards. It was the first time he introduced himself as “Bond. James Bond.” Gayson died on June 8, 2018.

Clemens Kalischer (97) Bavarian-born photographer who fled Germany in 1933 as the Nazis clinched power, survived imprisonment in France, and escaped to the US, where his dockside images of other displaced persons arriving from Europe propelled his career as a noted photojournalist. In 1947–48, still in his 20s, Kalischer managed to embed himself with refugees uprooted by the war as they arrived in New York by ship from Bremerhaven. He was able to do so because he had been one of them only six years before. Camera in hand, he later prowled the streets of Harlem and the Lower East Side of Manhattan, the coal mines of western Pennsylvania, the Alpine villages of northern Italy, and finally the Berkshires in Massachusetts, where he eventually settled, to capture “moments...[of]...clarity.” He died in Lenox, Massachusetts on June 9, 2018.

Danny Kirwan (68) former Fleetwood Mac guitarist. Kirwan was part of the iconic band from 1968–72, playing on the albums Then Play On, Blues Jam at Chess, Kiln House, Future Games, and Bare Trees. Kirwan was among the eight members of the band—along with Fleetwood, Stevie Nicks, Lindsey Buckingham, Peter Green, John McVie, Christine McVie, and Jeremy Spencer—who were inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame in 1998. He died in London, England on June 8, 2018.

Jalal Mansur Nuriddin (73) “grandfather of rap” who helped to establish the foundation for hip-hop as a member of the Last Poets and in his own solo work. The Last Poets emerged in Harlem at the end of the ‘60s, reciting rhythmic verses over conga drumming and speaking directly to the disenfranchised youth of New York's black community. The group’s poetry pushed revolution and self-determination while advising listeners about survival in an environment defined by poverty. With the release of their debut album, The Last Poets (1970), the group became an underground sensation. Nuriddin stood out with his high voice and his way of milking words for their meaning. He delivered some of the group’s most urgent verses, and although the Last Poets’ lineup changed over time, he performed with the group well into his later years. By then he had come to be widely known as the “grandfather of rap,” a laurel he proudly accepted. He died of lung cancer in Atlanta, Georgia on June 4, 2018.


Politics and Military

Frank C. Carlucci (87) former US diplomat, a troubleshooting Republican who worked for four presidents in a wide-ranging government career. Carlucci was deputy director of the CIA under President Jimmy Carter from 1978–81 and was national security adviser and secretary of defense in President Ronald Reagan’s second term. His official Pentagon biography said he was the first incumbent secretary of defense to visit the Soviet Union. He died in McLean, Virginia of complications from Parkinson’s disease, on June 3, 2018.

Reinhard Hardegen (105) German submarine commander of World War II who brought U-boat warfare to the doorstep of New York Harbor in the winter of 1942. Soon after the US went to war with Japan and Germany, Adm. Karl Donitz, commander of the German submarine service, sent six U-boats to attack oil tankers and freighters in American and Canadian waters before they could head overseas. The mission, code-named Paukenschlag (Drumbeat), was aimed at further disrupting Britain’s precarious supply lifeline and demoralizing the American home front. Hardegen provided Drumbeat with some of its most stirring exploits when his U-boat sank two ships off Long Island and brought him close enough to New York City to see the glare from Manhattan’s skyscrapers in the night skies. Hardegen died in Bremen, Germany on June 9, 2018.


Society and Religion

Miguel, Cardinal Obando y Bravo (92) cardinal emeritus who clashed with Nicaragua’s Sandinista leaders and later reconciled with them. A Salesian father, Obando y Bravo was archbishop of Managua for 37 years before retiring in 2005. He also played an important mediator role throughout Nicaragua’s recent, violent political history. The cardinal was most famous for his clashes with the leftist Sandinista government of the ‘80s, sharply confronting its alliance with a “people’s church,” a Marxist-inspired version of Catholicism that outraged the Vatican and especially Pope John Paul II. Obando y Bravo died of a heart attack in Managua, Nicaragua on June 3, 2018.

Gena Turgel (95) Holocaust survivor who comforted Anne Frank at the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp before the young diarist’s death and the camp’s liberation a month later. After World War II, Gena Goldfinger married one of Bergen-Belsen’s British liberators, Norman Turgel, earning the nickname “The Bride of Belsen.” Her wedding dress, made from parachute silk, is part of the collection of the Imperial War Museum in London. Gena Turgel attended Britain’s annual Holocaust remembrance in April 2018 in a wheelchair with a blanket draped over her knees. She died on June 7, 2018.


Sports

Maria Bueno (78) Brazilian tennis great who won three Wimbledon singles titles and four at the US Open in the ‘50s and ‘60s and helped to usher in modern women’s tennis. Nicknamed “The Tennis Ballerina” because of her graceful style, Bueno spent most of her career on the court before the professional era. She won 19 Grand Slam titles overall, seven in singles, 11 in doubles, and one in mixed doubles, between 1959–66. She also reached the singles final at both the Australian Open and the French Open. Bueno was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1978 and was more recently contributing regularly to Brazilian TV at Wimbledon, the US Open, and other major tennis events. She won her first major at Wimbledon in 1959 when she was 19. She died in São Paulo, Brazil after battling oral cancer for two years, on June 8, 2018.

Dwight Clark (61) football player who will forever be remembered for one iconic moment, his leap in the back of the end zone to make a fingertip grab of a game-winning touchdown that launched the San Francisco 49ers dynasty and is one of the most indelible images in NFL history. Clark won two Super Bowls with the 49ers during a nine-year career that ended in 1987. He memorably pulled down the winning touchdown pass from Joe Montana in the National Football Conference championship game against the Dallas Cowboys after the 1981 season, a play remembered simply as “The Catch.” It’s considered one of the most significant plays in NFL history and sent the Niners to their first of five Super Bowl titles in a span of 14 seasons. The play happened on January 10, 1982, when the upstart 49ers hosted the Cowboys in the NFC title game. Clark died in Whitefish, Montana just one year after revealing that he had amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS; Lou Gehrig's disease), on June 4, 2018.

C. M. Newton (88) Hall of Fame athletic director and coach who helped to restore Kentucky as a national basketball power after it was sanctioned by the NCAA, integrated two college programs, and oversaw the US Olympic “Dream Team” in 1992. Newton was involved with college basketball for more than 50 years, beginning as a member of Kentucky’s 1951 NCAA championship squad. As a coach, he compiled a record of 509-375. Newton began his career at Transylvania College (now Transylvania University) in Kentucky, where he led the basketball program to its first postseason appearance in the 1962–63 season, before moving on to Alabama and Vanderbilt in the Southeastern Conference. Alabama won three consecutive SEC titles, from 1974–76, under Newton and reached the postseason six times. He died on June 4, 2018.

Red Schoendienst (95) Hall of Fame second baseman who managed the St. Louis Cardinals to two pennants and a World Series championship in the ‘60s. Schoendienst wore the Cardinals uniform for 45 seasons as a player, coach, and manager and remained involved with the team in later years as a special assistant to general manager Walt Jocketty. Into his 80s, Schoendienst hit fungos (fly balls) to fielders in pregame practice. He died in Town & Country, Missouri, outside St. Louis, on June 6, 2018.


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