Art and LiteratureJay Cronley
(73) Oklahoma-based author whose books were made into movies starring some of Hollywood's most notable funnymen. Cronley's books included Funny Farm,
which was turned into a 1988 movie starring Chevy Chase, and Quick Change,
made into a movie starring Bill Murray in ’90. He also wrote Good Vibes,
the basis for the 1989 movie Let It Ride
starring Richard Dreyfuss as a horseplayer who couldn't lose. Cronley died of an apparent heart attack in Tulsa, Oklahoma on February 26, 2017.Paula Fox
(93) author who created high art out of imagined chaos in such novels as Poor George
and Desperate Characters
and out of the real-life upheavals in her memoir Borrowed Finery.
Abandoned as a girl by her parents and a single mother before age 20, Fox used the most finely crafted prose to write again and again about breakdown and disruption, what happens under the “surface of things.” Desperate Characters,
her most highly regarded work of fiction, is a portrait of New York's civic and domestic decline in the ‘60s, a plague symbolized by the bite of a stray cat. The grandmother of rock singer Courtney Love, Fox died in Brooklyn, New York on March 1, 2017.Spencer Hays
(80) American apparel and publishing magnate, art collector, and former Bible salesman who, with his wife, Marlene, donated more than 600 paintings by Matisse, Bonnard, Vuillard, and other masters to the French government in 2016. Their donated art will be displayed at the Musée d’Orsay in Paris after the death of Marlene Hays under the terms of an agreement with the museum. The couple had been married for more than 60 years. The gift was the largest foreign donation of art to France since World War II. Spencer Hays died of a brain aneurysm in New York City on March 1, 2017.Gustave Metzger
(90) German-born artist whose concept of autodestructive art inspired The Who's Pete Townshend to smash his guitars. One artwork saw Metzger applying acid to nylon sheets so they disintegrated—creating a new view. He used varied and sometimes unconventional materials in his work, including paper, cardboard, trees, chemicals, and cars. In 2004 London's Tate Britain gallery displayed a Metzger installation that included a bag of garbage; a cleaner mistook it for real trash and threw it out. Metzger died in London, England on March 1, 2017.Nicholas Mosley
(93) British experimental writer whose 1965 novel Accident
became the basis for a Joseph Losey film with a screenplay by Harold Pinter. Mosley also wrote an unsparing two-volume biography of his father, Fascist leader Sir Oswald Mosley (died 1980). Nicholas Mosley spent much of his life in the shadow of his father, a onetime Labour Member of Parliament who founded the British Union of Fascists in 1932. The party openly supported Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler, promoted anti-Semitism, and engaged in violent clashes with opponents. Sir Oswald and his wife, Diana Guinness, one of the notorious Mitford sisters, were interned in 1940, and the party was banned. Nicholas Mosley died in London, England on February 28, 2017.
Business and ScienceWilliam ('Bill') Ellis
(83) whose barbecue restaurant became an institution across eastern North Carolina. Ellis spent more than 50 years changing a small hot dog stand into a community mainstay that included a catering business. He worked as an electrician, US Army medic, and waiter at Parker's Barbecue before he took $500 and opened a hot dog stand in 1963. Within two years Bill's started catering, spreading his barbecue across the state, the country, and the world. His restaurant flooded twice, once after Hurricane Floyd in 1999 and again after heavy rains in October 2016. Ellis died in Wilson, North Carolina on February 27, 2017.Anne Friedman Glauber
(63) public relations executive who helped to prevent domestic violence, empower women in war-torn countries, and support fellow patients of pancreatic cancer. As a senior vice president of the international PR firm Ruder Finn and later as a managing partner of Finn Partners and director of its global issues group, Glauber oversaw numerous corporate-responsibility campaigns. Among the groups she cofounded were No More, an initiative to reduce domestic violence; Let’s Win, an online forum for pancreatic cancer patients, their families, doctors, and researchers; and the Business Council for Peace (also known as BPeace), of which she was also chairwoman. Glauber died of pancreatic cancer in New York City on February 28, 2017.Angelo Papagni
(95) pioneering wine grape grower known as the “maverick” of winemaking in central California’s San Joaquin Valley. Papagni Wines produces small-lot, hand-crafted wines, including their signature Alicante Bouchet, Chardonnay, Cabernet, and Pinot Grigio. In 1973 Papagni built a state-of-the-art winery in Madera, in the heart of the San Joaquin Valley. It was the first valley winery to produce wine from its own specific grape varieties. The valley is now home to dozens of winemakers and wineries who have followed Papagni’s lead. He died in Fresno, California on February 27, 2017.Joseph Wilson Rogers Sr.
(97) Waffle House cofounder who went from short-order cook to cofounder of one of the US's largest restaurant chains. Rogers and Tom Forkner opened the first Waffle House restaurant just east of Atlanta in Avondale Estates, in 1955. Under their leadership, the Waffle House chain grew to 400 restaurants by the end of the ‘70s. Rogers still spent time at the corporate headquarters in Norcross until a few years ago. He died in Atlanta, Georgia on March 3, 2017.Stephen A. Ross
(73) theorist whose work over 30 years reshaped the field of financial economics. Ross, who taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Sloan School of Management, was perhaps best known for developing what is called the arbitrage pricing theory, which he developed in 1976. It makes clear how economic factors like inflation or spikes in interest rates can influence the price of an asset. The theory offers a framework for analyzing risks and returns in financial markets. Ross also delved into the mysteries of the stock market and its inherent risks. He died of sudden cardiac arrest in Old Lyme, Connecticut on March 3, 2017.Howard A. Schmidt
(67) computer crime expert who advised two US presidents, George W. Bush and Barack Obama, and drafted cybersecurity safeguards approved by Congress in 2015. The legislation, which evolved from precautions Schmidt proposed several years earlier, enabled government and industry to share information about potential risks from attackers’ codes and techniques, shielded companies from liability lawsuits for trading data, and provided privacy protections for consumers;. But by the time the congressional legislation was finally approved, critics complained that it had been diluted in response to corporate concerns and was already technologically anachronistic. Schmidt died of brain cancer in Muskego, Wisconsin on March 2, 2017.Dr. Thomas Starzl
(90) Pittsburgh physician who pioneered liver transplant surgery in the ‘60s and was a leading researcher into antirejection drugs. Starzl performed the world's first liver transplant in 1963 and the world's first successful liver transplant in ‘67 and pioneered kidney transplantation from cadavers. He later perfected the process by using identical twins and, eventually, other blood relatives as donors. Since Starzl's first successful liver transplant, thousands of lives have been saved by similar operations. He died in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on March 4, 2017.
LawThomas C. Platt
(91) federal judge in New York who warned the nation’s air traffic controllers in 1981 about severe penalties if they went on an illegal strike, then fined their union $100,000 an hour when they did, prompting President Ronald Reagan to fire them. Platt, who sat in federal courthouses in Brooklyn and on Long Island, also presided over lawsuits against the Libyan government and Pan American World Airways stemming from the terrorist bombing of a jetliner over Lockerbie, Scotland in 1988. A Libyan intelligence officer was convicted of orchestrating the attack, which killed 259 people aboard a London-to-New York flight and 11 on the ground. Platt died in North Branford, Connecticut on March 4, 2017.Robert Sambroak Jr.
(61) northwestern Pennsylvania judge. Sambroak was elected to the bench in November 2013 and took office in January ’14. Before his election, he worked for 13 years as a top assistant prosecutor for District Attorney Jack Daneri and his predecessor, Brad Foulk. Sambroak grew up in Pittsburgh and earned his law degree in 1980 from Duquesne University. He spent 10 years practicing law in South Dakota, representing poor Native Americans, then as a judge in a tribal court and prosecutor before moving to Erie in 1990. He died in Erie, Pennsylvania after just three years on the bench, on March 2, 2017.Joseph A. Wapner
(97) retired Los Angeles judge who presided over The People’s Court
during the heyday of the reality courtroom show. The People’s Court,
on which Wapner decided real small-claims cases from 1981–93, was one of the granddaddies of the syndicated reality shows of today. His no-nonsense approach attracted many fans, putting the show in the top five in syndication at its peak. Before auditioning for the show, Wapner had spent more than 20 years on the bench in LA, first in Municipal Court, then in Superior Court. At one time he was presiding judge of the LA Superior Court, the largest court in the US. He retired as judge in November 1979, the day after his 60th birthday. Wapner was hospitalized a week ago with breathing problems and died in Los Angeles, California on February 26, 2017.
News and EntertainmentMike Barhorst
(77) Ohio man who each summer turned his family campground into one of the largest outdoor concerts in the nation. Barhorst and his wife started the Country Concert in the Hills in 1981, and it has since grown into a three-day festival that draws the biggest names in country music. The annual concert grew out of a family get-together with a few hundred friends in the late ‘70s. Now more than 80,000 people come for one weekend each summer to see the likes of Brad Paisley, Tim McGraw, and Faith Hill. The 2017 concert in July is set to feature Blake Shelton and Florida Georgia Line. Barhorst died in Fort Loramie, Ohio on March 1, 2017.Miriam Colón
(80) pioneering Puerto Rican actress in US Latino New York theater who starred in films alongside Marlon Brando and Al Pacino. Colón—whose image appeared on posters throughout the American Southwest for her role in the 2013 movie adaptation of the quintessential Chicano novel Bless Me, Ultima
—had been active as late as 2015 with a cameo appearance on the AMC-TV series Better Call Saul.
Her film roles also included appearances in One-Eyed Jacks
with Brando and in The Outsider
with Tony Curtis. She was widely known as the Cuban-American mother of Tony Montana, played by Al Pacino, in the 1983 movie Scarface.
Colón died in New York City of complications from a pulmonary infection, on March 4, 2017.Paul Kangas
(79) stockbroker who helped to pioneer TV’s first daily business news show. With 24-hour cable stations now airing nonstop business and economic coverage, the uniqueness of Kangas’s early reports may be hard to recapture. But when he joined the new Nightly Business Report
as a stock commentator on a south Florida public TV station, WPBT, in 1979, there was no other program like it on the air. Nightly Business Report,
which eventually spread to 250 public TV stations, was at one point the most-watched evening business news program in the country. Kangas became a coanchor in 1990 and retired in 2009. He died in Miami, Florida on February 28, 2017.Misha Mengelberg
(81) Dutch pianist and composer who approached the jazz tradition with an adventurous spirit and an antic sense of humor. American jazz fans know Mengelberg best as the pianist on saxophonist, flutist, and bass clarinetist Eric Dolphy’s album Last Date,
recorded in concert shortly before Dolphy’s death in 1964. Mengelberg was much better known in Europe, and especially in the Netherlands, where he was one of the leading figures on a thriving avant-garde jazz scene. He was known to have dementia and had not performed in public for several years. He died in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, on March 3, 2017.Irene Nolan
(70) former Louisville Courier-Journal
managing editor (1987–92) who helped the newspaper to win a Pulitzer Prize in 1989 for its coverage of an '88 bus crash that killed 27 people. At her death, Nolan was editor and co-owner of the Island Free Press
in coastal Carolina. She died of a severe lung disorder after recent hospitalization in Norfolk, Virginia, several hours from her Frisco, North Carolina home, on March 4, 2017.Tommy Page
(46) former pop star whose song “I'll Be Your Everything” went to No. 1 in 1990. Page later became a record company executive, publisher of Billboard
magazine, a vice president at Pandora, and an executive at the Village Voice.
He started at Billboard
in 2011 as associate publisher and was promoted to publisher in ’12. Page, who at his death was vice president of music partnerships at the Voice,
previously led artist partnerships, branded content, and events at the Internet radio company Pandora. He also had been an executive at Warner Bros. Records, where he helped to shape the careers of Michael Buble, Alanis Morissette, Josh Groban, and Green Day. He was found dead of an apparent suicide in New York City on March 4, 2017.Lyle Ritz
(87) Los Angeles recording session guitarist who gained renown in Hawaii for his earlier recordings on the ukulele. Ritz became the standard bearer for ukulele jazz and expanded the versatility and possibilities of the instrument. He died in Portland, Oregon on March 3, 2017.David Rubinger
(92) Austrian-born photojournalist who for more than 60 years chronicled the birth of the modern state of Israel, its leaders, its triumphs, its tragedies, and its people. After free-lancing and working for local Israeli publications, Rubinger got his break as an international photographer in the ‘50s when he was asked to shoot photos for an article published in Life
magazine. He later shot mostly for Time,
an association that lasted for more than 50 years. Rubinger was best known for what he called his “signature image” of Israeli paratroopers gazing up at the Western Wall in Jerusalem’s Old City on June 7, 1967, just minutes after it had been captured from Jordan during the Arab-Israeli War. He died in Jerusalem, Israel on March 1, 2017.Sam Summerlin
(89) former Associated Press foreign correspondent who was the first to report the Korean War had ended and covered everything from Latin American revolutions to US race riots. Summerlin later had a second successful career as a New York Times
executive, then a third as producer of scores of documentaries on historical figures and entertainers. He died of Parkinson's disease in Carlsbad, California on February 27, 2017.
Politics and MilitaryJohn Carrington
(82) former North Carolina Republican state senator who spent most of his career building a law enforcement equipment company. Carrington was elected to the state Senate in 1994, where he served for 10 years. He also ran unsuccessfully for lieutenant governor, Congress, and secretary of state. He was president and chief executive of the Triangle Township-based Sirchie Finger Print Laboratories. In 2005 he pleaded guilty in federal court to illegally shipping law enforcement equipment to China, receiving probation and a fine. He died in Raleigh, North Carolina after a heart-related incident on February 28, 2017.Marian Javits
(92) arts patron, bon vivant,
and feminist who cut a singular figure in New York while her husband, Jacob, devoted long years in Washington as the state’s long-serving US senator. Marian, who grew up in poverty and later became part of a glamorous social set, provided ample fodder for gossip columnists with her nightclubbing, her long-distance marriage to a spouse who was 21 years older, and her separate professional life, which crossed prevailing boundaries when she became a lobbyist for the Iranian government. She was unambiguous about her relationship with her husband, Sen. Jacob K. Javits, a Republican first elected in 1956 who served until his defeat by Alfonse M. D’Amato in '80 and died in ’86. Marian Javits died in New York City on February 28, 2017.Gerald Kaufman
(86) longest-serving lawmaker in Britain’s House of Commons. Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn called Kaufman “an iconic and irascible figure” who was proud of his Jewish roots and strove to bring peace to the Middle East. Kaufman often attracted attention and controversy for his strong criticisms of Israel. He had represented a district in Manchester, northwestern England, since 1970. In 2015 he became “father of the House,” a title given to the longest-serving member of Parliament. He died in London, England on February 26, 2017.Helen M. Marshall
(87) New York Democrat, first black elected Queens borough president. Marshall, who served three four-year terms as borough president starting in 2001, was remembered as a champion of public libraries and her borough. In 2013 the Center for an Urban Future reported that Marshall had steered more money toward library projects in Queens in the preceding 10 years than the other four borough presidents combined had done in their jurisdictions. She was the first director of the Langston Hughes Library in Queens and was awarded the statewide Daniel W. Casey Library Advocacy Award in 2005. Marshall created the Queens General Assembly, which promoted cross-cultural exchanges among ethnic groups. She died in California on March 4, 2017.Rene Preval
(74) technocrat who led Haiti as president during the devastating January 2010 earthquake and a messy and prolonged recovery. Preval had the distinction of being the only democratically elected president to win and complete two terms in a country notorious for political upheaval. He was elected by a landslide in 1995 as the chosen successor of Jean-Bertrand Aristide and turned power back over to Aristide when he left office in 2000 after a term marked by political infighting. His second term, which started in 2006, was marred by the disastrous earthquake of January 12, 2010, which the government said killed more than 310,000 people and displaced more than 1 million. Many Haitians accused Preval of a fumbling response to the tragedy. He died in the Port-au-Prince district of Laboule, Haiti on March 3, 2017.Lazar Stojanovic
(73) Serbian film director jailed under communism who was an antiwar activist during the ‘90s. Stojanovic was known for his liberal democratic ideas both in Communist-run Yugoslavia and after the country broke up in a nationalist euphoria that triggered a series of ethnic wars. His film Plastic Jesus
was banned in the ‘70s because of its criticism of totalitarian regimes. Stojanovic was sentenced to three years in prison, while the film was finally released in the ‘90s. Stojanovic joined Serbia's antiwar movement against strongman Slobodan Milosevic and helped to set up the liberal Vreme (Time)
weekly, an important independent media outlet during the crisis years. He died in Belgrade, the Serbian capital, on March 4, 2017.Clayton Yeutter
(86) lawyer who oversaw negotiations with Canada under President Ronald Reagan that became the basis for the North American Free Trade Agreement. Yeutter, who was secretary of agriculture under President George H. W. Bush and, earlier, US trade representative under Reagan, negotiated complex economic deals with bluntness. Perhaps his greatest legacy as trade representative was the negotiation of the Canada-US Free Trade Agreement, signed in 1988. The accord eliminated most tariffs and other barriers to trade and business between Canada and the US. Yeutter died of metastatic colon cancer in Potomac, Maryland on March 4, 2017.
Society and ReligionJerry Birnbach
(87) Queens, New York activist whose struggle to block a proposed low-income housing project in his Forest Hills neighborhood in 1972 sparked a white middle-class backlash to the liberal urban agenda and helped to propel Mario M. Cuomo’s political career. The planned housing project was an experiment in racial integration that urban planners called scatter-site housing: In that case, three 24-story towers to be occupied mostly by black and Puerto Rican tenants in a largely white, Jewish neighborhood of private homes and garden apartments. The project, ultimately scaled down by half, galvanized Birbach and his neighbors and became a national flash point for white resistance in the wake of the civil rights movement and commitments to racial integration. Birbach died of complications from surgery in Boca Raton, Florida on February 27, 2017.Mother Sweet Angel Divine
(92) widow of Father Divine (died 1965) and leader for decades of a religious movement he founded that advocated racial equality and provided free food to thousands of people. Mother Divine was born Edna Rose Ritchings, who moved from Canada in early 1946 and went to Philadelphia to meet Rev. Major Jealous Divine at the International Peace Mission Movement, which he founded in New York during the Great Depression to promote racial equality, celibacy, and devotion to the Kingdom of Heaven. The two married that year and maintained that they never consummated their marriage, in keeping with Father Divine’s devotion to celibacy. He urged believers not to drink, smoke, swear, gamble, or borrow money and to pool their resources and practice communal living. He also barred them from marriage and rejected racial identity, urging people to think of themselves simply as Americans. Critics said those teachings were overshadowed by Father Divine’s claim to be God. The church’s key activity was operating dining halls that provided free food to poor people. Mother Sweet Angel Divine, her legal name, died at Woodmont, the movement’s Gladwyne, Pennsylvania headquarters, on March 4, 2017.Nani the Dolphin
(44) National Aquarium’s oldest Atlantic bottlenose dolphin. Aquarium officials said dolphins in human care often live to 30 years and older. Nani, who was born in the wild, was the matriarch of the aquarium's colony. She came to Baltimore in 1990 from another institution that closed. The aquarium is still home to seven other Atlantic bottlenose dolphins, including Nani's children, Beau and Spirit. The aquarium plans to create the first North American dolphin sanctuary in Florida or the Caribbean, which is set to open in 2020. Nani exhibited unusual behavior and died in Baltimore, Maryland, despite emergency care, on February 27, 2017.
(91) only pitcher in American League history to win at least 20 games in a season for a ball club that lost at least 100 times, achieving the feat for the 1951 St. Louis Browns. Garver posted a 20-12 record in 1951 with a last-place team that finished at 52-102. He also batted .305 and hit a home run to break a tie game with the Chicago White Sox on the season’s final day, when he recorded his 20th victory. He was runner-up for the AL's Most Valuable Player Award but lost to Yogi Berra, whose pennant-winning Yankees finished 46 games in front of those Browns. Garver led the league in complete games in 1951 with 24, the second consecutive season he was No. 1, and was AL starting pitcher in his only All-Star Game, yielding one hit and an unearned run in three innings. He died in Bryan, Ohio on February 26, 2017.Simon Hobday
(76) South African golfer who won the 1994 US Senior Open at Pinehurst. Hobday won five times on the Professional Golfers Association Champions Tour. He won the 1976 German Open and the ‘79 Madrid Open on the European Tour, and the ‘71 South African Open was the biggest of his Sunshine Tour titles. Born in South Africa, Hobday grew up in Zambia and lived in Zimbabwe. He died of cancer in Ballito, South Africa on March 2, 2017.Raymond Kopa
(85) one of the first major French soccer stars and a former Real Madrid attacking midfielder who, small of stature, was known as the “Napoleon of football.” World Soccer
magazine ranked Kopa as one of the greatest 100 players of the 20th century. A graceful player with a magnificent eye for passing and for goals, Kopa, around 5-foot-6, earned the Napoleon nickname after a superb performance for France in a 2-1 win over Spain in 1955. He was later part of the great Real Madrid team that dominated Europe at the end of the ‘50s. He won the European Cup with Real Madrid in all three of his seasons with the team. Kopa was recognized by French soccer as the most outstanding player in Europe when he was the first Frenchman to win the prestigious Ballon d’Or, or Golden Ball, in 1958, playing for Real Madrid. He died in Angers, France on March 3, 2017.Previous Week
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