Art and LiteratureYves Bonnefoy
(93) generally regarded as France’s preeminent poet of the postwar era and its leading translator of Shakespeare, and a wide-ranging art critic in the spirit of Baudelaire. Bonnefoy died in Paris, France on July 1, 2016.Austin Clarke
(81) award-winning Barbadian-born author who wrote about the immigrant experience and being black in Canada. Clarke won the Scotiabank Giller Prize and the Commonwealth Writers Prize for his 2002 novel The Polished Hoe,
which tells the story of a sugar plantation owner’s black mistress who years later as an elderly woman confesses to a brutal crime. His memoir and final work, titled ‘Membering
(2015), describes his moving to Canada in 1955 to study at the University of Toronto, his struggles with racial discrimination, and his early days as a journalist covering the civil rights movement in New York's Harlem in the ‘60s. Clarke died in Toronto, Canada on June 26, 2016.Judy Feiffer
(87) photographer, novelist, book editor, and ex-wife of cartoonist and author Jules Feiffer, who fostered best-selling memoirs by two fledgling authors, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings
by Maya Angelou and Mommie Dearest
by Christina Crawford. While Feiffer later became a novelist, she left her most indelible imprint on publishing by finding and honing talent in others. Judy Feiffer died in New York City on June 27, 2016.Barbara Goldsmith
(85) founding editor of New York
magazine and author of Little Gloria … Happy at Last
(1980), a best-selling account of the bitter 1934 custody battle over Gloria Vanderbilt. The book was later adapted into a 1982 NBC miniseries starring Angela Lansbury, Christopher Plummer, and Maureen Stapleton. Goldsmith died of heart failure in New York City on June 26, 2016.Dave Heath
(85) photographer whose black and white images expressing his sense of urban isolation and a yearning for personal connection won a group of admirers despite his many years of public obscurity. Heath's portraits were highly regarded by other photographers on the downtown coffeehouse scene and by art gallery curators. By the early ‘60s he had exhibited at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Art Institute of Chicago, and the George Eastman House (today the George Eastman Museum) in Rochester, New York. Heath fell at his home in Toronto, Canada and died on his 85th birthday, on June 27, 2016.Geoffrey Hill
(84) hailed as Britain’s finest living poet, whose dense verses ranged from dark meditations on morals, religious faith, and political violence to rapturous descriptions of the English landscape of his native Worcestershire. In a variety of poetic forms, Hill reworked Christian symbols, memories of childhood, and Britain’s violent past in a poetic language. He was a devoted practitioner of the high style, committed to an intellectual sense of the poetic vocation, with an encyclopedic range of historical and literary references. He died in Cambridge, England on June 30, 2016.Robert Nye
(77) Britain-born poet and novelist who found rich material in the legends of ancient England and Wales and invented a rollicking afterlife for one of Shakespeare’s most enduring characters in his acclaimed novel Falstaff.
Nye died of cancer in Cork, Ireland on July 2, 2016.Elie Wiesel
(87) Nobel laureate, Romanian-born Holocaust survivor whose classic Night
became a landmark testament to the Nazis’ crimes and launched Wiesel’s long career as one of the world’s foremost witnesses and humanitarians. Wiesel's prolific stream of speeches, essays, and books, including two sequels to Night
and more than 40 books overall of fiction and nonfiction, emerged from the helplessness of a teenager deported from Hungary, which had annexed his native Romanian town of Sighet, to Auschwitz. Tattooed with the number A-7713, he was freed in 1945—but only after his mother, father, and one sister had all died in Nazi camps. Two other sisters survived. After the liberation of Buchenwald, in April 1945, Wiesel spent a few years in a French orphanage, He became an eloquent witness for the six million Jews slaughtered in World War II and more than anyone else seared the memory of the Holocaust on the world’s conscience. He died in New York City on July 2, 2016.
Business and ScienceLouis J. Appell Jr.
(92) former chief executive of Susquehanna Pfaltzgraff, a fifth-generation family-owned dishware business whose place settings were a staple of wedding registries for decades. Susquehanna Pfaltzgraff was the oldest continually operating pottery manufacturer in the US. It was sold to Lifetime Brands Inc., and the factory closed in 2006. The family also owned Susquehanna Media Co., consisting of 33 radio stations, cable TV systems in six states, an Internet service provider, and an e-business provider. The radio stations were sold in 2006 to Cumulus Media Inc., and Comcast purchased the cable TV and broadband businesses. In announcing in 2005 what he called a difficult decision to sell off the company’s assets, Appell said the step was prompted in part by the absence of any younger family member prepared to lead the company. Appell was also a prominent civic leader and philanthropist in York, supporting downtown improvements, the arts community, and a minor league baseball team. He died in York, Pennsylvania on June 27, 2016.Barbara Ann Clark Brennan
(82) wife of restaurateur Owen (“Pip”) Brennan Jr. Owen Brennan Sr. founded the popular New Orleans French Quarter restaurant Brennan's, which his sons and widow ran for decades. Barbara Ann Clark grew up in Mobile, Alabama and met and married Owen Brennan Jr. at Spring Hill College. They were married for 60 years and had been living in Pass Christian, Mississippi since 2008. Barbara Brennan died in Long Beach, Mississippi on July 2, 2016.Baldev Duggal
(78) patriarch of the film processing industry who immigrated from India as a teenage amateur photographer in 1957 and became an impetus for reviving the Flatiron district in Manhattan and the Brooklyn Navy Yard. Duggan capitalized on his $200 grubstake and student visa to found what became Duggal Visual Solutions. Over 50 years, from humble beginnings washing prints in the bathtub of his apartment on East 49th Street, he transformed the company into a technological innovator that attracted prominent photographers, retailers, and advertising agencies as clients and pioneered giant outdoor wraparound photographic displays. The company survived the industry’s transition to digital photography and eventually grew to 300 employees. By the time Lyndon B. Johnson was in the White House, Duggal once recalled, he was making more money than the president. He died in Truro, Massachusetts on June 29, 2016.Stanley C. Gault
(90) sales-minded executive who helped to revive two emblematic Ohio companies, Rubbermaid and Goodyear, after working for 30 years at General Electric. Gault died in Cleveland, Ohio on June 29, 2016.Irving Gottesman
(85) pioneer in the field of behavioral genetics whose work on the role of heredity in schizophrenia helped to transform the way people thought about the origins of serious mental illness. Gottesman was perhaps best known for a study of schizophrenia in British twins he conducted with another researcher, James Shields, at the Maudsley Hospital in London in the ‘60s. The study, which found that identical twins were more likely than fraternal twins to share a diagnosis of schizophrenia, provided strong evidence for a genetic component to the illness and challenged the notion that it was caused by bad mothering, the prevailing view at the time. Gottesman died unexpectedly while taking an afternoon nap in Edina, Minnesota, a Minneapolis suburb, on June 29, 2016.Simon Ramo
(103) engineer and entrepreneur who helped to develop the rocket technology that changed the nature of the Cold War’s nuclear face-off and powered the first Americans into space. Ramo, who advised a string of US presidents, legislators, and cabinet officials on science and technology, was a pioneering force in the aerospace and electronics industries throughout the postwar period. Starting as an electrical engineer at General Electric, where he logged 25 patents before he was 30, Ramo later founded an aerospace company, the Ramo-Wooldridge Corp., with Dean E. Wooldridge, a colleague he met while a doctoral student at CalTech. The corporation merged with Thompson Products to become TRW. Rama died in Santa Monica, California on June 27, 2016.Jack C. Taylor
(94) started a leasing company with seven cars and built it into Enterprise Rent-a-Car. In 1957 Taylor founded Executive Leasing at a Cadillac dealership in St. Louis where he was a salesman, renting cars to customers whose own vehicles were in the shop. Eventually the business grew into Enterprise, which differed from competitors by allowing people to pick up and drop off cars away from airports. A US Navy pilot in World War II, Taylor twice received the Distinguished Flying Cross. He died in St. Louis, Missouri on July 2, 2016.Alvin Toffler
(87) guru of the postindustrial age whose million-selling Future Shock
and other books anticipated the disruptions and transformations brought about by the rise of digital technology. One of the world's most famous futurists, Toffler was far from alone in seeing the economy shift from manufacturing and mass production to a computerized and information-based model. But few were more effective at popularizing the concept, predicting the effects, and assuring the public that the traumatic upheavals of modern times were part of a larger and more hopeful story. Future Shock
was how Toffler defined the growing feeling of anxiety brought on by the sense that life was changing at a bewildering and ever-accelerating pace. His book combined an understanding tone and page-turning urgency as he diagnosed contemporary trends and headlines, from war protests to the rising divorce rate, as symptoms of a historical cycle overturning every facet of life. Toffler died in his sleep in the Bel Air neighborhood of Los Angeles, California on June 27, 2016.
(69) educator and official of the Ford Foundation who expanded opportunities for learning and tackled challenging social problems. Bernstein was a polymath who brought her broad knowledge to bear on an array of causes during her time at the Ford Foundation, where she worked from 1983–2010, with a break in the early ‘90s. She started as a program officer, determining which projects merited financing, and later became a vice president overseeing other grant-makers for the foundation’s Education, Creativity & Free Expression Program (now called Creativity & Free Expression). She died of endometrial cancer in East Hampton, New York, two weeks after her 69th birthday, on June 30, 2016.
(90) was a first-year student at Yale Law School in 1948 when three men from Delaware, his home state, were convicted of rape. In 1958, after pursuing protracted appeals pro bono,
Morris persuaded a federal court to overturn the convictions and rule that perjured testimony by the police had rendered the trial fundamentally unfair. Morris died of diabetes in Palm Beach, Florida on June 28, 2016.John J. Santucci
(85) Queens district attorney from 1977–91 who became a lightning rod of controversy in high-profile cases involving a fatal racial attack, a municipal corruption scandal, and allegations of lethal police brutality. Santucci gained wide attention in December 1986 after one of the most explosive racially motivated crimes in the city at the time—an attack on three black men in Howard Beach, Queens, by a gang of white teenagers, who chased one man onto a highway, where he was struck and killed by a car. Santucci died in Mineola, New York on June 26, 2016.
News and EntertainmentCaroline Aherne
(52) British writer and star of the BBC working-class comedy The Royle Family.
Aherne was best known for her Royle Family
character Denise, a sofa-bound, chain-smoking TV addict given to boozy bouts of narcissism and child neglect. Aherne cowrote and helped to direct the show during its BAFTA-winning run from 1998–2000. She also starred in her own 1995–98 comedy talk show in the silver-permed, nosy-grandma persona of Mrs. Merton, who asked falsely sympathetic, insinuating questions of her guests. Aherne was a heavy smoker and drinker who battled depression, culminating in a 1998 suicide attempt at the height of her fame. She died in Manchester, northwest England, two years after announcing that she was receiving treatment for lung cancer, on July 2, 2016.Joe Benham
(82) veteran journalist who covered South America for the Associated Press and US News & World Report.
Benham began his career writing for a newspaper in his hometown of Amarillo and later worked for the Dallas Times Herald
and the AP before joining the US Army. He later resumed his career at the AP and relocated to New York, where he covered the United Nations. Benham was later AP bureau chief in Chile and Bolivia. He continued covering South American affairs for US News
before relocating to Houston as a regional bureau chief. He died of lung and heart failure in Kerrville, Texas on June 30, 2016.Michael Cimino
(77) Oscar-winning director whose film The Deer Hunter
became one of the great triumphs of Hollywood’s ‘70s heyday and whose disastrous Heaven’s Gate
helped to bring that era to a close. Cimino’s masterpiece was The Deer Hunter
(1978), the story of the Vietnam War’s effect on a small steel-working town in Pennsylvania. The film won five Oscars, including Best Picture and Best Director for Cimino. It helped to lift the emerging legendary status of Robert De Niro and Meryl Streep; Christopher Walken also won an Oscar for Best Supporting Actor. Cimino’s emerging career then took a U-turn with Heaven’s Gate
(1980), a Western starring Kris Kristofferson and Walken that was a critical and financial disaster. The film became synonymous with over-budget and out-of-control productions and a cautionary tale for giving artistic-minded directors too much power. Its initial budget of $11.5 million ballooned to $44 million and hastened the demise of United Artists. Cimino was found dead at his home in Beverly Hills, California on July 2, 2016.Don Friedman
(81) versatile pianist who moved easily between the modern-jazz mainstream and the more volatile jazz avant-garde.
Friedman had a fluid technique and an adventurous approach to harmony, which made him a desirable sideman over a career that lasted more than 60 years. He worked for decades with trumpeter Clark Terry and performed with pioneers of free jazz like alto saxophonist Ornette Coleman. Friedman died of pancreatic cancer in the Bronx, New York on June 30, 2016.Robin Hardy
(86) British director of the horror film The Wicker Man,
which failed at the box office when it was released in 1973 but later attracted a large cult following. When Hardy, a TV director, decided that he wanted to make a horror film, he found an enthusiastic collaborator in Anthony Shaffer (d. 2001), who wrote the play Sleuth
and the screenplay for the Alfred Hitchcock film Frenzy.
Hardy and Shaffer, partners in a production company, were avid fans of the horror films made by Hammer Studios. Together they set about making a film that took the Hammer approach in a new direction. Hardy died in Reading, England on July 1, 2016.Stanley Meisler
(85) longtime foreign correspondent for the Los Angeles Times
who wrote a history of the United Nations and a biography of its secretary-general Kofi Annan. Meisler built a second career as a writer on art and art history. He died of heart failure in Washington, DC on June 26, 2016.Scotty Moore
(84) pioneering rock guitarist whose style helped Elvis Presley to shape his revolutionary sound and inspired a generation of musicians that included Keith Richards, Jimmy Page, and Bruce Springsteen. Moore was the last survivor of a combo that included Presley, bassist Bill Black, and producer Sam Phillips. His licks on Presley’s early hits virtually created the rockabilly guitar style and established the guitar as a lead instrument in rock ‘n’ roll. Moore died in Nashville, Tennessee on June 28, 2016.Mack Rice
(82) composer of ‘60s hit “Mustang Sally” and cowriter of the Staple Singers’ landmark “Respect Yourself.” “Sir” Mack Rice was best known for writing “Mustang Sally,” which he initially recorded but singer Wilson Pickett popularized. They had been in a group together called the Falcons, which recorded in Detroit. Rice was a songwriter for Memphis, Tennessee-based Stax Records and split his time between there and Detroit. He wrote “Respect Yourself” with late rhythm-and-blues singer-songwriter Luther Ingram for the Staple Singers, which became Stax’s biggest hit. Rice died of Alzheimer’s disease in Detroit, Michigan on June 27, 2016.Wassyl Slipak
(41) baritone at the Paris Opera who became a folk hero in his native Ukraine for returning home to fight in his country’s war in the east. Slipak was killed by sniper fire near the town of Debaltseve, Ukraine after his position came under a surprise attack, on June 29, 2016.Bud Spencer
(86) Italian comic actor dubbed the “good giant” for punching out bad guys on the screen, often in a long series of spaghetti westerns. Born in Naples, Carlo Pedersoll adopted the stage name Bud Spencer—the first name inspired by a beer and the last to honor his favorite star, Spencer Tracy. In his youth Pedersoll was an athlete, becoming the first Italian to swim the 100-meter freestyle in under a minute. His roles exploited his physical strength, especially his big frame and girth. Actor Mario Girotti took the stage name Terence Hill and became Spencer's frequent movie partner in spaghetti westerns. Bud Spencer died in Rome, Italy on June 27, 2016.Rob Wasserman
(64) bass player and composer who performed and recorded with Lou Reed, Neil Young, Brian Wilson, and many other musicians. Wasserman played standup bass and drew upon jazz, classical, and rock influences. Over the past 35 years he established himself as a top sideman and a recording artist in his own right. Starting in 1983, he issued a trilogy of albums with titles derived from the number of players on each track: Solo, Duets,
The first album was named Downbeat
magazine's record of the year. Duets,
recorded everywhere from London to Texas and featuring Reed, Aaron Neville, and Rickie Lee Jones, was nominated for three Grammys and brought singer Bobby McFerrin a Grammy win for male jazz vocalist. Wasserman died of cancer in Los Angeles, California on June 29, 2016.
Politics and MilitaryRoscoe Brown Jr.
(94) US pilot with the all-black Tuskegee Airmen during World War II who was later a longtime New York City educator. Brown was a commander of the 100th Fighter Squadron of the 332nd Fighter Group and was credited with being the first US pilot to shoot down an advanced German military jet. He earned numerous awards including the Distinguished Flying Cross. Nearly 1,000 fighter pilots trained as a segregated Army Air Corps unit at the Tuskegee, Alabama air base. The Tuskegee Airmen distinguished themselves by painting the tails of their airplanes red, which led to them becoming known as the “Red Tails.” Their story was told in a 2012 movie of the same title, on which Brown was an adviser. He died at a Bronx, New York hospital after breaking his hip in a recent fall, on July 2, 2016.Xu Jiatun
(100) senior Communist Party official who opposed the Chinese military’s suppression of the pro-democracy demonstrations around Tiananmen Square in 1989 and fled to the US in ’90. As punishment for his flight, Xu was expelled from the party. Party leaders refused his request to return while alive but sent a message that he could be interred in China. Xu died of kidney and heart failure in Chino Hills, California on June 29, 2016.Patrick Manning
(69) geologist who twice led the Caribbean nation of Trinidad and Tobago as prime minister (1991–95, 2001–10) through a boom in its petrochemical sector until his party was defeated amid rising crime and corruption. Manning was hospitalized in January 2012 after suffering a stroke. He died of acute myeloid leukemia in San Fernando, Trinidad and Tobago, on July 2, 2016.Michel Rocard
(85) former Socialist prime minister of France (1988–91) under Socialist President François Mitterrand. Rocard notably created a minimum allowance for poor people who had no other income. He defended anticolonialist views during the Algerian war in the ‘50s and early ‘60s and developed his own political style in the Socialist Party in the ‘80s, pushing for more pro-business and reformist policies. He died in Paris, France on July 2, 2016.Maj. Gen. Ansel M. ('Buddy') Stroud Jr.
(89) retired adjutant general of the Louisiana National Guard. Stroud held the post for more than 17 years, making him the second longest-serving leader of the National Guard. He served under four governors during a career that spanned more than 50 years. He died in Shreveport, Louisiana on July 1, 2016.Isak Chishi Swu
(87) militant leader of the Naga tribal insurgency. Swu began fighting in the mid-’50s for a Naga homeland separate from India under rebel leader Angami Zapu Phizo, widely regarded as the “father of the Naga insurgency.” Swu died of multiple organ failure after a prolonged illness during which he was hospitalized for nearly a year, in New Delhi, India on June 28, 2016.
Society and ReligionBrian Gergely
(46) Pennsylvania man who spoke out against clergy abuse after publicly identifying himself as a victim of a predator priest. Gergely went public in 2003 while suing Msgr. Francis McCaa and the Roman Catholic Diocese of Altoona-Johnstown, saying he was abused as a 10-year-old altar boy. Gergely and other plaintiffs settled their lawsuit against McCaa, other priests, and the diocese in 2005. McCaa, who died in 2007, was described as a “monster” in a state grand jury report released in March 2016 that criticized the diocese’s handling of clergy abuse claims. He fondled altar boys whom he had told to go without pants under their cassocks, molesting them in a church sacristy, a rectory, and even while taking their confessions, the grand jury found. Gergely gave numerous interviews in hopes of encouraging other abuse victims to come forward. He was found hanged at his home in Ebensburg, Pennsylvania on July 1, 2016.
(88) college track and field and cross-country coach who turned out some of America’s best middle-distance runners. Bell was a head coach at Oregon State (1958–65), California (1965–69), and Indiana (1969–98). His 1961 cross-country team at Oregon State won the NCAA championship. At Indiana, his men’s team won 22 Big 10 titles in indoor and outdoor track and cross-country. His women’s team there won four titles. Bell had wide success coaching milers and half-milers. He died in Bloomington, Indiana, the home of Indiana University, where he had spent most of his 40-year career, on June 27, 2016.Carl Haas
(86) cofounder in 1983 of Newman-Haas Racing with the late actor Paul Newman (d. 2008). Newman-Haas established itself as one of the most successful open-wheel teams, hiring Mario Andretti as its first driver; among its other drivers were Michael Andretti, Nigel Mansell, Paul Tracy, Sebastien Bourdais, and Christian Fittipaldi. Haas was one of the most influential men in motorsports for nearly 50 years. Newman-Haas cars made 30 starts over a 28-year span at the Indianapolis 500 from 1983–2011, with six top-5 finishes. Haas also fielded teams in Can-Am, Formula 1, and NASCAR. NHR won 107 IndyCar races and eight CART titles, including the final four in Champ Car, CART’s successor. Overall, Haas’s teams won 16 championships and more than 140 races over his 44-year career as an owner. He died in Lake Forest, Illinois on June 29, 2016.Joe Jares
(78) Los Angeles sportswriter, editor, and columnist, the son of pro wrestler Frank Jares Sr., a villain in the sport’s early black-and-white TV heyday who fought as Brother Frank, the Mormon Mauler from Provo, Utah, and the Thing. Joe Jares wrote nine books on sports, including Whatever Happened to Gorgeous George?
(1974). He spent more than 15 years as a writer and associate editor for Sports Illustrated
based in New York and LA, covering tennis, volleyball, and college basketball and football, then worked for 20 years at the LA Daily News,
mostly as a columnist and sports editor, and taught sports reporting at the University of Southern California. He died of chronic lung disease in Los Angeles, California on July 2, 2016.Tom Kelly
(88) sports broadcaster who made University of Southern California football and basketball games “bigger than life” for more than 40 years. A former football player, Kelly started calling USC football and basketball games on the radio in 1961 and later made the move to TV. Besides his USC work, Kelly hosted a sports magazine show, called games for the San Diego Chargers, the Lakers, and the Clippers, and worked for CBS radio and ESPN. He died of cancer in Encino, California on June 27, 2016.Buddy Ryan
(82) pro football’s defensive innovator who helped to propel the Jets and the Chicago Bears to Super Bowl championships. Ryan was a linebackers coach for the 1968 champion New York Jets and coordinated the ground-breaking 46 defense for the title-winning ‘85 Chicago Bears, one of the NFL’s greatest defenses. He was a head coach for the Philadelphia Eagles from 1986–90 and for the Arizona Cardinals in ‘94–95, compiling a 55-55-1 overall record. Ryan had previously been treated for skin cancer. He died in Shelbyville, Kentucky on June 28, 2016.Oh Se-jong
(33) former Olympic short track speed skating champion. Oh won the gold medal in the men's relay at the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, Italy. He won the 5,000-meter relay world title at the world short track speed skating championships in 2003. He was killed in a motorcycle crash when his motorcycle hit a vehicle that made a U-turn in Seoul, South Korea on June 27, 2016.Pat Summitt
(64) winningest coach in Division I college basketball history who lifted the women’s game to national prominence during her 38-year career at Tennessee. Summitt led the Lady Vols to eight national championships and prominence on a campus steeped in the traditions of the football-rich south until she retired in 2012. She helped to grow college women’s basketball as her Lady Vols dominated the sport in the late ‘80s and ‘90s, winning six titles in 12 years. Tennessee—the only school she coached—won NCAA titles in 1987, ‘89, '91, ‘96–98, and 2007–08; Summitt had a career record of 1,098-208 in 38 seasons, plus 18 NCAA Final Four appearances. She announced in 2011 at age 59 that she’d been diagnosed with early-onset dementia and coached one more season before stepping down. She died in Knoxville, Tennessee on June 28, 2016.Previous Week
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