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Life In Legacy - Week ending Saturday, May 21, 2016

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Morley Safer, longtime '60 Minutes' correspondentAlan Young, human star of 'Mr. Ed'Luis H. Alvarez, onetime Mexican conservative presidential candidateElizabeth G. ('Betty') Baker, mother of Massachusetts governorJohn Berry, founding member of Beastie Boys punk bandFred Bradley, Kentucky legislator and champion horse breederGuy Clark, Grammy-winning country singer/songwriterRonald C. Davidson, Princeton physicist who studied fusion energyPatricia M. Derian, assistant secretary of state for human rights under Carter administrationRay Essick, first head of USA SwimmingJane Fawcett, Bletchley Park decoder whose work helped to sink 'Bismarck'Bobby Freeman, former Louisiana lieutenant governorSamuel Gibson, New Zealander who pursued outdoor adventures despite handicapRomaldo ('Aldo') Giurgola, Italian-born architect who designed Australia's Parliament HouseJim Ray Hart, San Francisco Giants third basemanHugh Honour, British art historianKang Sok Ju, North Korean diplomatEdward Kolenovsky, AP photographerWoldemeskel Kostre, Ethiopian distance running coachRosalie Chris Lerman, Holocaust survivorJane Little, longtime bassist with Atlanta SymphonyMarlene Marder, guitarist of rock band KleenexMichael Mariotte, opponent of nuclear powerJim McMillian, LA Lakers forwardJulia Meade, early TV pitchwomanNick Menza, former drummer with Megadeth heavy metal bandEmilio Navaira, Grammy-winning Tejano musicianMarco Pannella, Italian radical politicianFred Papert, adman who helped to save NYC landmarksJeanne Parr, TV news correspondent and mother of actor Chris NothLucille ('Lou') Richards, shortstop for '40s women's baseball teamFritz Stern, refugee from Nazi Germany who taught European history at ColumbiaSandor Tarics, oldest living Olympic championSusan J. Tolchin, coauthor with her husband of books on US politicsWheelock Whitney Jr., Minnesota business and political figure

Art and Literature

Romaldo ('Aldo') Giurgola (95) leading member of the Philadelphia school of architects, influential in the ‘60s and ‘70s. Born in Italy, Giurgola designed several important buildings in the US and Parliament House, Australia’s seat of government. Along the way he founded firms in New York, Philadelphia, and Canberra. He died in Canberra, Australia on May 15, 2016.

Hugh Honour (88) self-taught British art historian who produced indispensable works on Neo-Classicism and romanticism and, with John Fleming, wrote the monumental survey The Visual Arts: A History, one of the first to pay serious attention to non-Western art. Honour died in Tofori, Italy on May 19, 2016.


Business and Science

Ronald C. Davidson (74) physicist who oversaw one of the biggest advances in fusion energy research, attempting to replicate the power of the sun. Fusion is the process that powers the sun, generating energy through the merging of atoms, and for decades scientists have tried to reproduce that on earth. During Davidson’s tenure as director of the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, from 1991–96, major advances were made in the study of ways to make the fusion self-sustaining. In 1993 the laboratory’s Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor began a series of runs using a mix of deuterium and tritium, two heavier forms of hydrogen. In November 1994 the reactor generated 10.7 million watts of fusion energy, a world record at the time and enough to power 3,000 homes, if only for an instant. Davidson died of pneumonia in Cranbury, New Jersey on May 19, 2016.

Wheelock Whitney Jr. (89) Minnesota business and political leader, sports booster, and philanthropist. Whitney, whose fraternity brothers at Yale University included former US President George H. W. Bush, was chief executive from 1963–72 of the investment banking firm Dain & Co., which he helped to turn into a regional financial powerhouse. The firm eventually became RBC Wealth Management. Whitney was also instrumental in bringing major league baseball and hockey to the Twin Cities. He served on the board of the Twins for 24 years and was a member of the investors group that was awarded a National Hockey League expansion franchise in 1966, which became the Minnesota North Stars. A moderate Republican, he ran unsuccessfully for governor in 1982, losing to Democrat Rudy Perpich, and for the US Senate in ‘64, when he lost to Sen. Eugene McCarthy. Whitney died in Independence, Minnesota on May 20, 2016.


Education

Fritz Stern (90) refugee from Nazi Germany who became a prominent historian, government adviser, and a longtime professor at Columbia University, where he taught for more than 40 years, specializing in European history, before retiring in 1997. In books, essays, interviews, and lectures, Stern probed the rise of Nazism and its threats to democracy. On occasion he advised government officials; in the early ‘90s he was among several experts asked to consult with then-British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher on German reunification, which he supported. Stern died in New York City on May 18, 2016.


News and Entertainment

John Berry (52) founding member of the Beastie Boys who left the group before it found major label success, shortly after playing guitar on its 1982 debut EP, Polly Wog Stew. Berry’s interest in music blossomed as a teen after he moved to New York. He met future bandmate Michael Diamond at the Walden School in Manhattan. The pair founded the Beastie Boys as a punk outfit in 1981 along with Adam Yauch (d. 2012) and Kate Schellenbach. Berry died in Danvers, Massachusetts after a long battle with frontotemporal dementia, a progressive disease that has no cure, on May 19, 2016.

Guy Clark (74) Grammy-winning country singer/songwriter who wrote hits like “LA Freeway” and “Desperados Waiting for a Train.” Clark died in Nashville, Tennessee on May 17, 2016.

Edward Kolenovsky (87) retired Associated Press photographer who covered the development of the US space program, prize fights, and many other major events during a long career. Kolenovsky was a fixture at the Johnson Space Center, covering spaceflights for the AP from the Gemini program, where two astronauts flew together in a spacecraft for the first time, through the Apollo moon missions, then the space shuttle. He routinely was assigned to the major sports events of his era and followed Muhammad Ali around the world for heavyweight fights. Kolenovsky suffered from Parkinson's disease and dementia. He died in Houston, Texas on May 17, 2016.

Jane Little (87) member of the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra since the group’s founding during World War II. The bassist was recognized by Guinness World Records for the longest professional tenure with a single orchestra earlier in the year when she performed February 4. That was 71 years to the day since her first concert with the group’s forerunner, the Atlanta Youth Symphony Orchestra, which she joined in 1945 at age 16. Little died after collapsing on stage during a performance of “There’s No Business Like Show Business.” She was briefly revived before dying in Atlanta, Georgia on May 15, 2016.

Marlene Marder (61) rock guitarist whose blunt chords drove the songs of the pioneering four-woman Swiss postpunk band originally called Kleenex, then Lilliput. Kleenex was formed in Zürich in 1978 during the early years of the punk movement as it spread across Europe. The band started as the project of two of Marder’s friends, bassist Klaudia Schiff and drummer Lislot Ha, with two men. At that band’s first show the audience wanted to hear more, but the guitarist refused to return and play the songs again. Marder, who had learned her friends’ songs, took over on guitar and stayed there. As the band drew notice, Kimberly-Clark, owners of the Kleenex trademark, forced Kleenex to change its name before releasing its debut album, Lilliput. Marder died on May 15, 2016.

Julia Meade (90) fledgling actress who became a household name to Americans as a TV pitchwoman—the public face of Lincoln cars beginning in 1953 and as promoter of a range of other products, including gas-powered appliances, Hudnut hair products, Life magazine, and Kodak cameras. By the late ‘50s, after her commercial debut on NBC’s Embassy Club, Meade had dethroned Betty Furness as TV’s leading pitchman. She died while watching TV at her home in New York City on May 16, 2016.

Nick Menza (51) former drummer for the metal band Megadeth. Menza was Megadeth's longest-serving drummer, performing on five records over nine years, including the thrash metal landmark Rust in Peace (1990). After leaving Megadeth in 1998, Menza pursued an interest in jazz and became an accomplished woodworker. Hs latest band, OHM, was three songs into a set at a Los Angeles-area club when the drummer collapsed. He died from a suspected heart attack during a performance of his progressive jazz trio in Los Angeles, California on May 21, 2016.

Emilio Navaira (53) Grammy-winning Tejano musician known to his fans simply as Emilio. Navaira released nearly a dozen albums in Spanish and English, mostly a mix of traditional Mexican music and accordion-based polka known as Tejano but also some country. He won a Best Tejano Album Grammy in 2002 for Acerbate. Navaira was critically injured in March 2008 when he was catapulted through the windshield of his tour bus in an accident in the Houston area. He suffered significant brain trauma and other injuries that required several surgeries and wore a helmet for months to protect his skull. He later pleaded guilty to misdemeanor driving while intoxicated. Navaira was found dead at his home in New Braunfels, Texas on May 16, 2016.

Jeanne Parr (92) former TV correspondent in New York and mother of actor Chris Noth, star of Law & Order, Sex & the City, and The Good Wife. Parr worked in TV news in Wisconsin and Connecticut and appeared on the game show What's My Line in 1960, catching the attention of a producer for CBS in New York. She came to New York to work as a weather correspondent for the local CBS affiliate, eventually becoming a news correspondent there; wrote a book, The Superwives, about the spouses of athletes; and produced documentaries. She died in Hawaii on May 20, 2016.

Morley Safer (84) veteran 60 Minutes correspondent who was equally at home reporting on social injustices, the Orient Express, and abstract art. Early in his long career, Safer exposed a military atrocity in Vietnam that played a role in changing Americans’ view of the war. He announced his retirement only last week, and 60 Minutes aired a tribute hour on May 15, which he watched from his home. That program marked the close of a 61-year career for Safer, who, the CBS network said, had the longest-ever run on primetime network TV. He died of pneumonia in New York City on May 19, 2016.

Alan Young (96) actor-comedian who played straight man to a talking horse in the ‘60s sitcom Mister Ed. British-born, Canadian-educated Young was already a well-known radio and TV comedian, having starred on his own Emmy-winning variety show, when Mister Ed was in pre-production at comedian George Burns’s production company. Burns was said to have told his staff: “Get Alan Young. He looks like the kind of guy a horse would talk to.” Young also appeared in several films, including Gentlemen Marry Brunettes, Tom Thumb, The Cat from Outer Space, and The Time Machine, the 1960 classic in which, speaking in a Scottish brogue, he played time traveler Rod Taylor’s friend. Young also had a cameo in the 2002 Time Machine remake. In later years he found a new career writing for and voicing cartoons; he portrayed Scrooge McDuck in 65 episodes for Disney’s TV series Duck Tales and did voice-overs for The Great Mouse Detective. He died in Woodland Hills, California on May 19, 2016.


Politics and Military

Luis H. Alvarez (96) former Mexican presidential candidate and longtime prominent figure in the conservative National Action Party (PAN) who spent decades pushing for democratic reform in Mexico. Alvarez ran for governor of the northern state of Chihuahua in 1956 and made an unsuccessful bid for the presidency as PAN candidate in ‘58. At that time the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) had an iron grip on the presidency and most of Mexico’s political system that lasted for 71 unbroken years. Alvarez lost to PRI candidate Adolfo Lopez Mateos, who took nearly 91 per cent of the vote. Alvarez, who was not allowed any radio time to campaign, recalled years later how his operation was harassed, physically attacked, and sometimes shut out of hotels. At one point he was arrested and spent several hours behind bars because he was “a candidate of the opposition.” He died in Mexico City, Mexico on May 18, 2016.

Elizabeth G. ('Betty') Baker (83) mother of Massachusetts Gov. Charlie Baker. Betty Ghormley was born on Christmas Eve 1932 in Rochester, Minnesota. She graduated from Wellesley College in 1954 and married Charles D. Baker in ’55. The couple, who raised three sons, settled in Needham, Mass., where Betty Baker died on May 21, 2016.

Fred Bradley (85) former Kentucky lawmaker and longtime thoroughbred breeder whose stable of stakes winners included champion female sprinter Groupie Doll. Bradley's tenure in the Kentucky Senate spanned most of the ‘80s and ‘90s and included a leadership stint as Senate Democrat whip. He was an attorney and had a long military career, serving as a brigadier general in the Air National Guard. His Indian Ridge Farm in central Kentucky produced such standout thoroughbreds as Groupie Doll and Brass Hat. Groupie Doll won the Breeders' Cup Filly & Mare Sprint in 2012–13; Brass Hat won multiple stakes races including the Grade I Donn Handicap in 2006. Bradley died in Wilmore, Kentucky on May 20, 2016.

Patricia M. Derian (86) former assistant secretary of state for human rights during the Carter administration who actively supported Mississippi public school desegregation. Dorian made the Argentine Dirty War one of her top causes. Although the Argentine military denounced her interference, the lives of some high-profile captives were spared as a result. Derian died after suffering from Alzheimer’s disease for about 10 years, in Chapel Hill, North Carolina on May 20, 2016.

Jane Fawcett (95) London debutante who went to work at Bletchley Park, the home of British code-breaking during World War II, and was credited with identifying a message that led to a great Allied naval success, the sinking of the German battleship Bismarck. Fawcett died in Oxford, England on May 21, 2016.

Bobby Freeman (82) former Louisiana lieutenant governor who also served in the state House and as a city judge. A Democrat from Plaquemine, Freeman was the state’s second in command from 1980–88 under former Govs. Edwin Edwards and David Treen. Before that he was elected to the state House from 1968–80 and was a city judge in Plaquemine from ‘90–96. Freeman died of a ruptured aneurysm in New Orleans, Louisiana on May 16, 2016.

Kang Sok Ju (76) top North Korean diplomat who negotiated a short-lived 1994 deal with the US to freeze its nuclear programs in exchange for international aid. A longtime foreign policy specialist for the North, Kang was Pyongyang’s chief negotiator when it reached a landmark agreement with Washington in 1994 to freeze and eventually dismantle its nuclear facilities in exchange for international aid to build two electricity-producing nuclear reactors. The deal fell apart in 2002 after revelations that the North had operated a secret nuclear weapons program in violation of the agreement. Kang died of esophageal cancer in Pyongyang, North Korea on May 20, 2016.

Marco Pannella (86) Italian maverick radical politician known for his hunger strikes, sit-ins, and recourse to political referenda to push his liberal, often antichurch agenda. Pannella was crucial to Italian postwar campaigns to legalize abortion, divorce, and other social change. He was one of the founders of Italy’s Radical Party in the ‘50s. As a member of parliament and outside agitator over the ensuing decades, he was crucial to pushing the overwhelmingly Catholic Italy to legalize divorce and abortion. He had been diagnosed in recent years with tumors in his lung and liver and had had frequent hospital stays owing to his hunger strikes. He died in Rome, Italy on May 19, 2016.

Susan J. Tolchin (75) political scientist who explored the workings of political patronage, women in politics, and the electoral power of voter anger in several popular books, most of them written with her husband, Martin Tolchin, a former congressional correspondent. Their combined efforts—Martin provided the reporting, Susan provided the scholarship—resulted in To the Victor…: Political Patronage from the Clubhouse to the White House (1971) and several other books that rang alarm bells about dangers facing the US. Susan Tolchin died of ovarian cancer in Washington, DC on May 18, 2016.


Society and Religion

Rosalie Chris Lerman (90) survivor of the Auschwitz-Birkenau Nazi death camp, wife of Miles Lerman (founder of the US Holocaust Memorial Museum), and a passionate advocate of Holocaust remembrance. Rosalie Lerman became a philanthropist and lecturer. Sent to Auschwitz as a teenager, she was one of the survivors who talked about her experience early on and worked to gain access to records about the Holocaust. She died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on May 19, 2016.

Michael Mariotte (63) national opponent of nuclear power and an advocate for alternative, sustainable sources of energy. As executive director and president of the Nuclear Information & Resource Service in Takoma Park, Maryland for 30 years, Mariotte was at the forefront of two successful landmark efforts: to prevent the repeal of a federal ban on interstate shipment of radioactive waste and to bar the construction of new nuclear plants in Maryland and Louisiana. He also organized antinuclear campaigns in eastern Europe after the fatal power plant catastrophe in 1986 at Chernobyl, in what was then the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. Mariotte died of pancreatic cancer in Kensington, Maryland on May 16, 2016.

Fred Papert (89) New York advertising agency director who helped to galvanize civic leaders and government officials to preserve Grand Central Terminal and revive Times Square. Papers enlisted Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan (D-NY), and architecture critic Brendan Gill in a successful lobbying campaign to save Grand Central from demolition and defacement during the mid-‘70s and to safeguard the city's new landmarks preservation law from legal challenges by developers. He also created the nonprofit 42nd Street Development Corp., which transformed a derelict block between 9th and 10th Avenues into an Off-Off-Broadway Theater Row and helped to rescue Times Square, which had become an unsafe and seedy symbol of urban decay. Papert died of a pulmonary embolism in New York City on May 20, 2016.


Sports

Ray Essick (82) first executive director of USA Swimming. Essick guided the sport’s US governing body from its formation in 1980 until his retirement in ‘97, when Chuck Wielgus took over. Previously Essick led the swimming committee for the Amateur Athletic Union. He died in Colorado Springs, Colorado on May 21, 2016.

Samuel Gibson (39) New Zealander born with bones so brittle they would often break. But Gibson inspired many people by pursuing a life of outdoor adventures. Only 3 feet tall, he was born with osteogenesis imperfecta, a rare genetic disorder in which bones break easily. In talks and interviews, he described the frequent and painful breaks he suffered throughout his childhood and youth. Besides marathons, Gibson had also tried skiing and sailing, completing a solo journey across New Zealand's Cook Strait. He died from injuries he sustained on May 14 when he fell from his wheelchair while participating in a half-marathon in Wellington, New Zealand, on May 16, 2016.

Jim Ray Hart (74) longtime San Francisco Giants third baseman. Hart played 11 seasons for the Giants from 1963–73. He also spent parts of two seasons with the New York Yankees before retiring in 1974. A 1966 All-Star, Hart was a career .278 hitter with 170 home runs and 578 runs batted in, in 1,125 games. He died in Acampo, California on May 19, 2016.

Woldemeskel Kostre (69) Ethiopian distance running coach who trained greats like Haile Gebrselassie and Kenenisa Bekele and was renowned for his strict disciplinarian approach. Kostre won the International Association of Athletics Federations' coach of the year award in 2006. He was part of Ethiopia’s distance-running program for more than 35 years, starting as an assistant coach at the 1972 Munich Olympics and working with his country's best athletes until the 2008 Games in Beijing. He was head coach of the team for 25 years, presiding over Ethiopia’s golden era. He died in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on May 16, 2016.

Jim McMillian (68) second-year pro who helped the Los Angeles Lakers to a 33-game winning streak and the 1972 NBA championship, playing with Wilt Chamberlain and Jerry West. The Lakers made McMillian the 13th overall pick in the first round of the 1970 draft out of Columbia University. He averaged 15.3 points during three seasons in LA and was a key member of the Lakers’ first championship team in the city after its move from Minneapolis. He averaged 19.1 points in replacing retired Elgin Baylor at forward, a move that coincided with the start of the team’s 33-game winning streak. McMillian died of heart failure in Winston-Salem, North Carolina on May 16, 2016.

Lucille ('Lou') Richards (90) member of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League immortalized in the 1992 film A League of Their Own. Richards was a shortstop for the Racine Belles and the South Bend Blue Sox in 1945 as part of the first women's professional baseball league. The former Lucille Stone grew up in Boston's Roxbury neighborhood and was an avid Red Sox fan. She coached for the Holbrook Little League Rotary Club baseball team for 25 years. Richards died of hydrocephalus in Buzzards Bay, Massachusetts on May 20, 2016.

Sandor Tarics (102) water polo gold medalist for Hungary at the 1936 Berlin Games and the oldest living Olympic champion. An architect, Tarics emigrated to the US in 1949, became a university professor, and designed earthquake-resistant buildings. The Hungarians won gold on goal difference over Germany in Berlin, the second of the team’s nine Olympic championships in water polo. Born in Budapest, Hungary, Tarics died in San Francisco, California on May 21, 2016.


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